Journal of Geodesy

, Volume 80, Issue 8–11, pp 649–656 | Cite as

DORIS and the Determination of the Earth’s Polar Motion

  • Daniel GambisEmail author
Original Article


DORIS (Détermination d’Orbite et Radiopositionnement Intégrés par Satellite) is a system used for precise orbit determination (POD) and ground-station positioning. It has been implemented on-board various satellites: the SPOT (Système pour l’Observation de la Terre) remote sensing satellites SPOT-2, SPOT-3, SPOT-4, SPOT-5, TOPEX/Poseidon and more recently on its successors Jason-1 and ENVISAT. DORIS is also a terrestrial positioning system that has found many applications in geophysics and geodesy; in particular, it contributes to the realization of the International Terrestrial Reference Frame, ITRF2000 and the forthcoming ITRF2005. Although not its primary objective, DORIS can bring information on Earth orientation monitoring, mainly polar motion and length of day (LOD) variations that complement other astrogeodetic techniques. In this paper, we have analyzed various recent polar motion solutions derived from independent analysis centers using different software packages and applying various analysis strategies. Comparisons of these solutions to the International Earth Rotation and Reference Systems Service (IERS) C04 solution are performed. Depending on the solutions, the accuracy of DORIS polar components are in the range of 0.5–1 mas corresponding to a few centimeters on the Earth’s surface. This is approximately ten times larger than results derived from GPS, which are typically 0.06 mas in both components. This does not allow DORIS results to be taken into account in the IERS–EOP combinations. A gain in the precision could come from technical improvements to the DORIS system, in addition to improvement of the orbit, tropospheric, ionospheric and Earth gravity field modeling.


DORIS International Earth Rotation and Reference Systems Service (IERS) Earth rotation Polar motion 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Earth Orientation Center of IERSObservatoire de Paris UMR8630ParisFrance

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