Journal of Geodesy

, Volume 77, Issue 5–6, pp 303–326 | Cite as

Intrinsic deformation analysis of the Earth's surface based on displacement fields derived from space geodetic measurements. Case studies: present-day deformation patterns of Europe and of the Mediterranean area (ITRF data sets)

  • E. W. GrafarendEmail author
  • B. Voosoghi


The methodology of geometrical modeling of surface deformation and surface rotation [surface Euler–Lagrange deformation of the first kind (Lagrange surface strain), linearized surface rotation tensor, and surface Euler–Lagrange deformation tensor of the second kind (Lagrangian tensor of change of curvature)] is applied for the analysis of space geodetic data (IERS-JGS/ITRF97: 390 stations of type VLBI, SLR, GPS, DORIS) in Europe and in the Mediterranean area. The present-day surface deformation and rotation patterns are compared with seismotectonic features for the test area, which extends from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to the Black Sea in the east, and from Fennoscandia in the north as far as the northern border of the African Plate in the south.


Deformation analysis – Surface deformation – Surface rotation – International Terrestrial Reference Frame networks 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geodesy and GeoinformaticsStuttgart UniversityStuttgartGermany
  2. 2.Department of Geodesy and Geomatics EngineeringK.N. Toosi University of TechnologyTehranIran

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