Advertisement

Empirical Economics

, Volume 55, Issue 3, pp 1229–1270 | Cite as

The effects of workplace learning in higher education on employment and match quality: is there an early-career trade-off?

  • Dieter Verhaest
  • Stijn Baert
Article

Abstract

We investigate whether the choice for a higher education program with a substantial workplace learning component entails an early-career trade-off between on the one hand higher employment chances and better initial matches (when opting for a program with workplace learning) and on the other hand a lower risk of bad match persistence (when opting for a program without workplace learning). To this end, we rely on longitudinal data of Belgian graduates that track their careers up until the age of 29. We model the program choice, the transition to a good match and the preceding transition to a bad match simultaneously. To account for non-random selection into programs and into bad matches, the Timing of Events method is combined with an exclusion restriction. After accounting for observed and unobserved heterogeneity, we do not find evidence for a trade-off. This result contributes to the debate about the efficiency of vocationalizing tertiary education programs through the implementation of workplace learning.

Keywords

Vocational education Academization Workplace learning Mismatch Underemployment School-to-work transition 

JEL Classification

I21 J24 J62 J64 

References

  1. Abbring J, van den Berg G (2003) The non-parametric identification of treatment effects in duration models. Econometrica 71:1491–1517CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Allen J (2011) Mobilization of human resources. In: Allen J, van der Velden R (eds) The flexible professional in the knowledge society. Springer, Berlin, pp 139–176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Arum R, Shavit Y (1995) Vocational education and the transition of men and women from school to work. Sociol Educ 68:187–204CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Autor D, Levy F, Murnane R (2003) The skill content of recent technological change: an empirical exploration. Quart J Econ 118:1279–1333CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Baert S, Cockx B, Verhaest D (2013) Overeducation at the start of the career: stepping stone or trap? Labour Econ 25:123–140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Béduwé C, Giret JF (2011) Mismatch of vocational graduates: what penalty on French labour market? J Vocat Behav 78:68–79CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bishop J, Mane F (2004) The impacts of career–technical education on high school labor market success. Econ Educ Rev 23:381–402CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Brunello G, Checchi D (2007) Does school tracking affect equality of opportunity? New international evidence. Econ Policy 22:781–861CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Brunello G, Rocco L (2015) The effects of vocational education on adult skills and wages: what can we learn from PIAAC? OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers, No. 168, OECD Publishing, ParisGoogle Scholar
  10. Card D (1995) Using geographic variation in college proximity to estimate the return to schooling. In: Christofides LN, Grant EK, Swidinsky R (eds) Aspects of labor market behaviour: essays in honour of John Vanderkamp. University of Toronto Press, Toronto, pp 201–222Google Scholar
  11. Carneiro P, Heckman J, Vytlacil E (2011) Estimating marginal and average returns to education. Am Econ Rev 110:2754–2781CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Department of Education and Training Flanders (2012) Werkplekleren in het hoger onderwijs: HBO5—bachelor—master—specifieke lerarenopleiding. Retrieved from: http://www.ond.vlaanderen.be/werkplekleren/regelgeving/ho.htm
  13. Dolton P, Vignoles A (2002) Is a broader curriculum better? Econ Educ Rev 21:415–429CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Duchesne I, Nonneman W (1998) The demand for higher education in Belgium. Econ Educ Rev 17:211–218CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Estevão M (2002) Regional labor market disparities in Belgium. IMF Working Paper, 02/134Google Scholar
  16. Gaure S, Roed K, Zhang T (2007) Time and causality: a Monte Carlo assessment of the timing-of-events approach. J Econ 141:1159–1195CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Giret JF (2011) Does vocational training help transition to work? The ‘New French Vocational Bachelor Degree’. Eur J Educ 46:244–256CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Goldin C (2001) The human-capital century and American leadership: virtues of the past. J Econ Hist 61:263–292CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Golsteyn B, Stenberg A (2017) Earnings over the life course: general versus vocational education. J Hum Cap 11:167–212CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Hanushek E, Schwerdt G, Woessmann L, Zhang L (2017) General education, vocational education, and labour-market outcomes over the life-cycle. J Hum Resour 52:48–87CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Harmon C, Walker I, Westergaard-Nielsen N (2001) Education and earnings in Europe: a cross country analysis of the returns to education. Edward Elgar Publishing, CheltenhamGoogle Scholar
  22. Hartog J (2000) Overeducation and earnings: where are we, where should we go? Econ Educ Rev 19:131–147CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Heckman J, Singer B (1984) A method for minimizing the impact of distributional assumptions in econometric models for duration data. Econometrica 52:271–320CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Heijke H, Meng C, Ris C (2003) Fitting to the job: the role of generic and vocational competencies in adjustment and performance. Labour Econ 10:215–229CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Hersch J (1991) Education match and job match. Rev Econ Stat 73:140–144CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Humburg M, de Grip A, van der Velden R (2017) Which skills protect graduates against a slack labour market? Int Labour Rev 156:25–43CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Imbens G, Angrist J (1994) Identification and estimation of local average treatment effects. Econometrica 62:467–476CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Kamhöfer D, Schmitz H (2016) Reanalyzing zero returns to education in Germany. J Appl Econ 31:912–919CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Kolstad I, Wiig A (2015) Education and entrepreneurial success. Small Bus Econ 44:783–796CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Krueger D, Kumar K (2004) Skill-specific rather than general education: a reason for US-Europe growth differences? J Econ Growth 9:167–207CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Lancaster T (1990) The econometric analysis of transition data. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  32. Laurijssen I (2005) Respons en wegingscoëfficiënten SONAR-cohorten. Vakgroep Sociologie, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussel, Onderzoeksgroep TORGoogle Scholar
  33. Le Saout R, Coudin E (2015) How do internships improve student major choices and early labor market outcomes?. Mimeo, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  34. Leuven E, Oosterbeek H (2011) Overeducation and mismatch in the labor market. In: Hanushek E, Machin S, Woessman L (eds) Handbook of the economics of education, vol 4. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 283–326CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Malamud O, Pop-Eleches C (2010) General education versus vocational training: evidence from an economy in transition. Rev Econ Stat 92:43–60CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Mane F (1999) Trends in the payoff to academic and occupation-specific skills: the short and medium run returns to academic and vocational high school courses for non-college-bound students. Econ Educ Rev 18:417–437CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. McGuinness S (2006) Overeducation in the labour market. J Econ Surv 20:387–418CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Müller W, Gangl M (2003) The transition from school to work: a European perspective. In: Müller W, Gangl M (eds) Transitions from education to work in Europe. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp 1–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Nunley JM, Pugh A, Romero N, Seals RA (2016) College major, internship experience, and employment opportunities: estimates from a résumé audit. Labour Econ 38:37–46CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Pollmann-Schult M, Büchel F (2004) Career prospects of overeducated workers in West Germany. Eur Sociol Rev 20:321–331CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Psacharopoulos G (1987) To vocationalize or not to vocationalize: that is the curriculum question. Int Rev Educ 33:187–211CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Rees A (1986) An essay on youth joblessness. J Econ Lit 24:613–628Google Scholar
  43. Reynolds C (2012) Where to attend? Estimating the effects of beginning college at a two-year institution. Econ Educ Rev 31:345–362CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Robst J (2008) Overeducation and college major: expanding the definition of mismatch between schooling and jobs. Manch Sch 76:349–368CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Ryan P (2001) The school-to-work transition: a cross-national perspective. J Econ Lit 39:34–92CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Saniter N, Siedler T (2014) Door opener or waste of time? The effects of student internships on labor market outcomes, IZA Discussion Papers, p 8141Google Scholar
  47. Sellami S, Verhaest D, Nonneman W, Van Trier W (2017) The impact of educational mismatches on wages: the influence of measurement error and unobserved heterogeneity. BE J Econ Anal Policy. 17. doi: 10.1515/bejeap-2016-0055
  48. Sellami S, Verhaest D, Van Trier W (2016) How to measure field-of-study mismatch? A comparative analysis of the different methods. Research Papers University of Antwerp, Faculty of Applied Economics, 2016/09Google Scholar
  49. Sicherman N, Galor O (1990) A theory of career mobility. J Polit Econ 98:169–192CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. van den Berg G, Holm A, van Ours J (2002) Do stepping-stone jobs exist? Early career paths in the medical profession. J Popul Econ 15:647–665Google Scholar
  51. Vanoverberghe J, Verhaest D, Verhofstadt E, Omey E (2008) The transition from school to work in Flanders: a duration analysis. J Educ Work 21:317–331CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Verhaest D, Omey E (2009) Objective over-education and worker well-being: a shadow price approach. J Econ Psychol 30:469–481CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Verhaest D, Schatteman T, Van Trier W (2015) Overeducation in the early career of secondary education graduates: an analysis using sequence techniques. Young 23:336–356CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Verhaest D, van der Velden R (2013) Cross-country differences in graduate overeducation. Eur Sociol Rev 29:642–653CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Verhoeven J, Vandeputte L, Vanpée K (2000) Universiteiten en Hogescholen elk hun eigen roeping?. Departement Sociologie KU Leuven, LeuvenGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Economics and Business, Campus Brussels, ECON Research GroupKU LeuvenBrusselBelgium
  2. 2.Leuven Economics of Education Research (LEER)KU LeuvenLeuvenBelgium
  3. 3.SHERPPAGhent UniversityGhentBelgium
  4. 4.Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, SHERPPAGhent UniversityGentBelgium
  5. 5.Department of SociologyUniversity of AntwerpAntwerpBelgium
  6. 6.IRESUniversité catholique de LouvainLouvain-la-NeuveBelgium
  7. 7.IZABonnGermany

Personalised recommendations