Nurses and physicians: a longitudinal analysis of mobility between jobs and labor supply
We estimate a dynamic discrete choice model of registered nurses’ labor supply. A distinguished feature of our model is that the random terms in the utility functions are correlated over time and jobs (habit or job persistence). Past options and not only the past optimal choices matter for the current choices. Given observed incentives and institutional constraints on offered hours, we find that nurses are mobile when they are young (less mobility than among physicians), but there is also a weak tendency of higher mobility again when they are approaching retirement age. Wage increases have a modest impact on labor supply. The overall elasticity for nurses is close to zero. These low elasticities shadow for stronger responses, shifting labor away from part-time jobs in the public and private sector toward full-time jobs in the private sector. A change in taxation away from the progressive tax system toward a flat tax of 28 % gives registered nurses a very modest incentive to shift their job to private hospitals. For physicians, the impact is stronger.
KeywordsNurses’ labor supply Multi-sector Panel data
JEL ClassificationJ22 I10 C35
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