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Empirical Economics

, Volume 48, Issue 4, pp 1445–1478 | Cite as

The effect of life expectancy on education and population dynamics

  • Matteo Cervellati
  • Uwe SundeEmail author
Article

Abstract

The demographic transition represents a critical turning point for population dynamics and economic development. As a consequence, the effects of life expectancy on education and population dynamics are expected to change across different stages of demographic development. This paper tests this hypothesis empirically by exploiting exogenous within-country reductions in mortality as a result of the epidemiological transition after 1940 that have been applied in recent studies on the causal effects of life expectancy for income growth. The results document a pronounced heterogeneity, and relevant non-linearities, of the effects of life expectancy on schooling and population dynamics at different stages of the demographic transition.

Keywords

Life expectancy Education Demographic transition  Population growth Fertility 

JEL Classification

J10 J13 N30 O10 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of BolognaBolognaItaly
  2. 2.University of MunichMunichGermany

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