The 2013 Data Expo of the American Statistical Association
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Since 1983, the Sections on Statistical Computing and Statistical Graphics of the American Statistical Association (ASA) have held a Data Exposition competition (usually called “Data Expo”) as part of the Joint Statistical Meetings (JSM). These competitions presented participants with a data set and the challenge to produce a comprehensive analysis of the data. Entries were in poster form, with an emphasis on graphical presentation of the results. Early Data Expos were held roughly every two years, but there was a hiatus after 1997. At the 2006 JSM conference in Seattle, the Data Expo competition was revived. Since then, there have been competitions every several years again, with meteorological data from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in 2006 (Murrell 2010), airline ontime data from the Bureau of Transportation Statistics in 2009 (Wickham 2011), and data from several sources in relation to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in 2011 (Cook 2014). A full list of competitions, data and winners can be found at http://stat-computing.org/dataexpo/. In 2013, the focus was on data from the Knight Foundation (http://www.knightfoundation.org/), using data collected by Gallup that examined the emotional attachment of people to their community. Twelve entries were submitted to the 2013 Data Expo competition, with the top entries invited to submit articles describing their analysis of the data.
2 Overview of the data
Why do some communities thrive while others do not? Are there specific community attributes that attract people to certain communities, tempt them to set down roots and commit to the community for the long term? If so, then this is valuable information for community leaders who wish to grow their communities by attracting both employers and employees and improving the local economic climate.
As part of the project “Soul of the Community” (SOTC), the Knight Foundation in cooperation with Gallup collected data from 43,000 people over three years (2008–2010) in 26 communities across the United States. The 26 communities did not constitute a random sample of communities across the United States. Participating communities were those where the Knight Foundation was already active: Aberdeen, SD; Akron, OH; Biloxi, MS; Boulder, CO; Bradenton, FL; Charlotte, NC; Columbia, SC;. Columbus, GA; Detroit, MI: Duluth, MN; Fort Wayne, IN; Gary, IN; Grand Forks, ND; Lexington, KY; Long Beach, CA; Macon, GA; Miami, FL; Milledgeville, GA; Myrtle Beach, SC; Palm Beach, FL; Philadelphia, PA; San Jose, CA; State College, PA; St. Paul, MN; San Jose, CA; Tallahassee, FL; and Wichita, KS.
Aesthetics: physical beauty and green spaces
Basic services: community infrastructure
Civic involvement: residents’ commitment to their community through voting or volunteerism
Emotional wellness: the mixture of mental and physical well-being
Leadership and elected officials
Openness/welcomeness: how welcoming the community is to different people
Social offerings: opportunities for social interaction and citizen caring
Social capital: social networks between residents
3 The Data Expo challenge
What attaches people their community?
What are key drivers behind emotional attachment? Are the key drivers all similarly important? What effect does their composition have on attachment?
How different are the communities?
4 The winning entries
First place was awarded to Andee Kaplan and Eric Hare (Iowa State University) for “Putting down roots: A graphical exploration of community attachment” (Kaplan and Hare 2019). Their entry was unique in providing an interactive interface for viewers to explore the data in different ways, which you can see at http://andeek.shinyapps.io/CommuniD3. Three second places were awarded to Angela Minster (Temple University) for “Seeing the soul of the community”; Karsten Maurer, David Osthus (Iowa State University), and Adam Loy (Lawrence University) for “A tale of four cities: Exploring the soul of Biloxi, Detroit, Milledgeville, and State College” (Maurer et al. 2019); and Xiaofei (Susan) Wang, Cynthia Rush, and William Brinda (Yale University) for “Soul of the community”.
Five more entrants also provided submissions for this special issue: Samuel Ackerman “Consistency of survey opinions and external data” (Ackerman 2019), Amelia McNamara “Community engagement and subgroup meta-knowledge: Some factors in the soul of a community” (McNamara 2019), Natalia da Silva and Ignacio Alvarez “Clicks and cliques. Exploring the soul of the community” (da Silva and Alvarez 2014), Anna Quach, Jürgen Symanzik, and Nicole Forsgren “Soul of the community: An attempt to assess attachment to a community” (Quach et al. 2019), and Jessica Orth “Drivers of community attachment: An interactive analysis” (Orth 2019). Early versions of two of the articles published in this special issue can be found on the 2013 JSM Proceedings CD (Orth 2013; Quach et al. 2013).
5 Reproducible research
- Ackerman S (2019) Consistency of survey opinions and external data. Comput Stat 34(4). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00180-019-00882-2
- da Silva N, Alvarez I (2019) Clicks and cliques: Exploring the soul of the community. Comput Stat 34(4). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00180-019-00881-3
- Kaplan A, Hare E (2019) Putting down roots: a graphical exploration of community attachment. Comput Stat 34(4). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00180-018-0850-7
- Maurer K, Osthus D, Loy A (2019) A tale of four cities: Exploring the soul of State College, Detroit. Milledgeville and Biloxi. Comput Stat 34(4). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00180-018-00863-x
- McNamara A (2019) Community engagement and subgroup meta-knowledge: some factors in the soul of a community. Comput Stat 34(4). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00180-019-00879-x
- Orth JM (2013) Dynamic graphics: an interactive analysis of what attaches people to their communities. In: 2013 JSM Proceedings, American Statistical Association, Alexandria, VA, pp 3013–3025Google Scholar
- Orth JM (2019) Drivers of community attachment: an interactive analysis. Comput Stat 34(4). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00180-018-00862-y
- Quach A, Symanzik J, Forsgren Velasquez N (2013) Soul of the community: a first attempt to assess attachment to a community. In: 2013 JSM Proceedings, American Statistical Association, Alexandria, VA, pp 4053–4067Google Scholar
- Quach A, Symanzik J, Forsgren N (2019) Soul of the community: an attempt to assess attachment to a community. Comput Stat 34(4). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00180-019-00866-2
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