Computational Statistics

, Volume 34, Issue 3, pp 1315–1335 | Cite as

Robust estimation for spatial autoregressive processes based on bounded innovation propagation representations

  • Grisel Maribel Britos
  • Silvia María OjedaEmail author
Original Paper


Robust methods have been a successful approach for dealing with contamination and noise in the context of spatial statistics and, in particular, in image processing. In this paper, we introduce a new robust method for spatial autoregressive models. Our method, called BMM-2D, relies on representing a two-dimensional autoregressive process with an auxiliary model to attenuate the effect of contamination (outliers). We compare the performance of our method with existing robust estimators and the least squares estimator via a comprehensive Monte Carlo simulation study, which considers different levels of replacement contamination and window sizes. The results show that the new estimator is superior to the other estimators, both in accuracy and precision. An application to image filtering highlights the findings and illustrates how the estimator works in practical applications.


AR-2D models Robust estimators Image processing Spatial models 



We thank Ph.D. Oscar Bustos and Ph.D. Ronny Vallejos for helpful comments and suggestions. The authors were supported by Secyt-UNC grant (Res. Secyt 313/2016.), Argentina. The first author was partially supported by CIEM-CONICET, Argentina.

Supplementary material

180_2018_845_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (5 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (pdf 5120 KB)
180_2018_845_MOESM2_ESM.r (5 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (R 4 KB)
180_2018_845_MOESM3_ESM.r (12 kb)
Supplementary material 3 (R 11 KB)
180_2018_845_MOESM4_ESM.r (8 kb)
Supplementary material 4 (R 8 KB)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Facultad de Matemática, Astronomía, Física y ComputaciónUniversidad Nacional de CórdobaCórdobaArgentina

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