Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Research on milling hole of AFRP based on cryogenic cooling processing

  • 26 Accesses

Abstract

The aramid fiber–reinforced composite (AFRP) has special the structure and physical properties. Although, the dry helical milling hole method could improve the machining precision and reduce the cutting force for AFRP. There were still some problems such as hole defects, limited hole depth, and low machining efficiency. In this paper, the tool cutting point trajectory model based on sample and tool coordinate system was established. The cutting force model of milling hole considering fiber orientation was constructed. A series of cryogenic cooling milling hole tests were carried out using liquid nitrogen internal jet cutting equipment. The results show that the cutting path and cutting force are mainly related to axial feed, tangential feed, and center distance between tool and hole axis. Similarly, type I and II defects are serious at low-speed dry milling hole, as well as obvious type III ablative defects at high speed. Compared with dry milling hole, the cutting force in cryogenic cooling is greater at the same cutting speed. And the influence of tool axial feed on axial force and tangential force is larger than that of tangential feed. Meanwhile, the property changes of resin base and composite in cryogenic are the main reasons for inhibiting type I and II milling hole defects. Furthermore, the cryogenic medium cooling is the reasons for inhibiting type III defects, as well as passivation and adhesion of tool side edge and flank. So the cryogenic cooling milling method can improve milling hole effect and restrict machining defects for AFRP.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10

References

  1. 1.

    Kusakabe K, Ichiki K, Hayashi J, Maeda H, Morooka S (1996) Preparation and characterization of silica-polyimide composite membranes coated on porous tubes for CO2 separation. J Membr Sci 115(1):65–75

  2. 2.

    Chen JS, Fan L, Tao ZQ et al (2006) Preparation and properties of chopped quartz fiber/PMR polyimide composites. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica 23(5):79–83

  3. 3.

    Sun L (2014) Study on ultrasonic assisted grinding technology of quartz fiber reinforced polyimide. Master degree thesis of Dalian University of Technology, pp: 10–50

  4. 4.

    Wang FB, Wang YQ, Hou B (2016) Effect of cryogenic conditions on the milling performance of aramid fiber. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 83:429–439

  5. 5.

    Robert V, Marcel H, Friedrich K, Konrad W (2014) Chip root analysis after machining carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP) at different fiber orientations. Procedia CIRP 14:217–222

  6. 6.

    Shen G L, Hu G K(2006) Mechanics of composite materials. Peking University Press, Peking, pp:43–89

  7. 7.

    Liu G, Zhang H, Wang Y et al (2014) Study on cutting force and machining quality of orbital drilling for CFRP. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica 31(5):1292–1299

  8. 8.

    Li Z, Liu Q (2013) Surface topography and roughness in hole-making by helical milling. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 66(9–12):1415–1425

  9. 9.

    Denkena B, Boehnke D, Dege JH (2008) Helical milling of CFRP titanium layer compounds. CIRP J Manuf Sci Technol 1(2):64–69

  10. 10.

    Zhu CY, Jiang HY, Zhang HZ (2012) Comparing analysis of milling and drilling holes for aircraft assembly. J Nanjing Univ Aeronaut Astronaut 44(1):37–41

  11. 11.

    Wang B, Gao H, Bi MZ (2012) Mechanism of reduction of damage during orbital drilling of C/E composites. J Mech Eng 48(15):173–181

  12. 12.

    Brinksmeiere E, Fangmann S, Rentsch R (2011) Drilling of composites and resulting surface integrity. CIRP Ann Manuf Technol 60:57–60

  13. 13.

    Sadek A, Meshreki M, Attia MH (2012) Characterization and optimization of orbital drilling of woven carbon fiber reinforced epoxy laminates. CIRP Ann Manuf Technol 61:123–126

  14. 14.

    Wang Q, Wu YB, Li YG, Lu D, Bitoh T (2019) Proposal of a tilted helical milling technique for high-quality hole drilling of CFRP: analysis of hole surface finish. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 101:1041–1049

  15. 15.

    Brinksmeier E, Fangmann S, Meyer I (2008) Orbital drilling kinematics. Prod Eng 2(3):277–283

  16. 16.

    Xu JY, Mansori ME (2016) Experimental study on drilling mechanisms and strategies of hybrid CFRP/Ti stacks. Compos Struct 157:461–482

  17. 17.

    Xu FJ, Fan WX, Zharig YN et al (2017) Modification of tensile, wear and interfacial properties of Kevlar fibers under cryogenic treatment. Compos B Eng 116:398–405

  18. 18.

    Bhattacharyya D, Allen MN, Mander SJ (1993) Cryogeric machining of Kevlar composites. Mater Manuf Process 8(6):631–651

  19. 19.

    Sohei S, Keiji Okamoto KK (1988) The effect of water-absorption and cryogenic temperature on the strength of ArFRP. Mater Sci Res Int 4(4):287–293

  20. 20.

    Zhang YN, Xu FJ, Zhang CY et al (2016) Tensile and interfacial properties of polyacrylonitrile-based carbon fiber after different cryogenic treated condition. Compos B Eng 99:358–365

  21. 21.

    Wang FB, Liu JK, Shu QL (2017) Optimization of cryogenic milling parameters for AFRP. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 91:3243–3252

  22. 22.

    Zhou L (2017) Dedicated cutting tool design and research on hole quality of orbital drilling of aeronautical difficult-to-cut materials. Doctor degree thesis of Zhejiang University, pp:23–30

  23. 23.

    Sheikh-Ahmad JY (2009) Machining of polymer composites. Springer Press, New York, pp 98–135

  24. 24.

    Zhuang Y (2013) Study on the combined machining technology of sawing and grinding for aramid composites. Master degree thesis of Dalian University of Technology, pp:39–48

Download references

Funding

This research was partially supported by the basic science and research project of Liaoning province (No.LG201711), the Liaoning key fund of national natural science fund (No.U1608251), and the natural science foundation project of Liaoning province (No.20170540787).

Author information

Correspondence to Fengbiao Wang.

Additional information

Publisher’s note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Wang, F., Wang, Y. Research on milling hole of AFRP based on cryogenic cooling processing. Int J Adv Manuf Technol (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-020-05057-8

Download citation

Keywords

  • Aramid fiber–reinforced composite
  • Cryogenic cooling
  • Milling hole
  • Machining properties
  • Milling force
  • Milling hole defects