A predictive approach to investigating effects of ultrasonic-assisted burnishing process on surface performances of shaft targets

  • Zhihua Liu
  • Mengjian Yang
  • Jia DengEmail author
  • Meng ZhangEmail author
  • Qilong Dai


The ultrasonic-assisted burnishing process (UABP) is an effective surface finishing technology that obtains compressive residual stress and surface work hardening and decreases surface roughness. A three-dimensional explicit nonlinear finite element model (FEM) of the UABP on a shaft specimen was established and calibrated in this paper. A comparison of finite element (FE) simulation results with experimental data showed good agreement in terms of the predicted residual stress in both tangential and axial directions. The established FEM explores the influence of treatment parameters, such as ball diameters, static forces, spindle speeds, ultrasonic frequencies, vibration amplitudes, and friction coefficients, on the resultant profile of residual stress and equivalent plastic deformation. This dynamic explicit FE method is an effective approach to investigate the UABP, to relate the processing parameters with surface integrity, including the depth of residual stress and work hardening of objective surfaces, and to guide the design of the UABP parameters.


Ultrasonic-assisted burnishing process Predictive approach Shaft targets Residual stress 18CrNiMo7-6 steel 



The authors would like to acknowledge the financial supports from the China National Natural Science Fund (11602227).


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© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Mechanical EngineeringZhengzhou UniversityZhengzhouChina
  2. 2.Henan Key Engineering Laboratory for Anti-fatigue Manufacturing TechnologyZhengzhouChina
  3. 3.School of Mechanics and Engineering SciencesZhengzhou UniversityZhengzhouChina

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