Planning and construction of mechanism for surface wear testing and fault analysis in quadril joint prosthetic tribosystem

  • Rubens Ribeiro
  • Aparecido Carlos GonçalvesEmail author
  • Maria da Consolação Fonseca de Albuquerque


The problems associated with prosthetic failures and revision surgeries have increased greatly since total joint replacement has also been applied to younger and more active patients, so the need to resolve or reduce wear-related problems is of paramount importance. Based on this premise, it was decided to design, manufacture, and validate a wear test machine of the orbital coupling type, capable of performing the total hip prosthesis (THP) wear test, according to load and movement parameters (flexion/extension, adduction/abduction), established by the Standard ABNT NBR ISO 14242-3. After validation, a sample composed of a 28 mm diameter femoral head of ASTM F138 stainless steel and conventional polyethylene acetabulum (UHMWPE) was performed. The assay lasted for one million cycles (approximately 12 days), equivalent to approximately 1 year of use of the prosthesis in vivo. Two mass and volume loss evaluations were performed throughout the trial, and the results of which were consistent with the results presented by other authors. The evaluation of the wear of the acetabular component (visual and microscopic analysis) and the morphological analysis of the particles generated by the wear, through MEV, provided important information to better interpret the mechanisms of wear (abrasion, adhesion and fatigue) that occurred during the tribological test. It is a fact that these wear mechanisms compromise the useful life of a hip joint prosthetic tribosystem, interfering in the longevity of the prosthetic joint or often leading to total implant failure, resulting in many cases in revision surgeries.


Testing machine Wear test Hip prosthesis Prosthetic tribosystem 


Funding information

This work was partially funded by the Brazilian agencies FAPESP [grant number 2014/14360-1]; and CNPq [grant number 470.117/2007-9] through the use of the Lab sponsored by them.


  1. 1.
    Paschoal SMP (2002) Autonomy and independence. in: Papaléo-Netto, M. Organizer. Gerontology: Old age and aging in a globalized view. São Paulo: Atheneu; p. 311–323Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    IBGE (2019) Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics. Projection of the Brazilian Population by Sex and Age for the period 2000 to 2060. Available at:
  3. 3.
    Mesquita MFP(2012). Functional disability of the elderly after femoral upper extremity fracture, [dissertation]. IPV-ESSV - Instituto Politécnico de ViseuGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Baumgaertner MR, Higgins TF (2006) Fratura do colo do fêmur. In: Rockwood CA Jr, Green DP, Bucholz RW (eds) Rockwood e green fraturas em adultos, 5th edn. JB Lippincott, Philadelphia, pp 1579–1578Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Schwartsmann CR, Boschin C, Gonçalves RZ, Yépez AK, Spinelli LF (2012) New surfaces in total hip arthroplasty. Rev Bras Ortop São Paulo 47(2). CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ferreira MC, Oliveira JCP, Zidan FF, Franciozi CES, Luzo MVM, Rene L, Abdalla JA (2018) Total knee and hip arthroplasty: the worrying reality of the Brazilian unified health system. Rev Bras Ortop 53(4):432–440CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Guedes RC, Dias JMD, Dias RC, Borges VS, Lustosa LP, Rosa NMB (2011) Total hip arthroplasty in the elderly: impact on functional performancev. 15, n. 2, p. 123-30, issn 1413-3555Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Martel JM, Verner JJ, Incavo SJ (2003) Clinical performance of a highly cross-linked polyethylene at two years in Total hip Arthroplasty: a randomized prospective trial. J Arthroplast 18(7):55–59CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Babovic N, Trousdale RT (2013) Total hip arthroplasty using highly cross-linked polyethylene in patients younger than 50 years with minimum 10-year follow-up. J Arthroplast 28:815–817. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Trommer RM, Maru MM, Achete CA (2012) Wear simulation on hip prostheses. COLAOB - Latin American congress of artificial and biomaterial organs, Natal – RNGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Shen Z, Ding Y, Gerlich AP (2019) Advances in friction stir spot welding. Critical Reviews in Solid State and Materials Sciences. Published online: 09 Oct 2019
  12. 12.
    Belloti JC (2009) Current scenario of the use of orthopedic prostheses - discussion about national versus imported prostheses - Federal University of São Paulo-Escola Paulista de Medicina, Unifesp-EPMGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Busato TS, 2018 Hip arthroplasty,
  14. 14.
    Blunt L, Bills P, Jiang X, Hardaker C (2009) The role of tribology and metrology in the latest development of biomaterials. Wear 266(3-4):424–431 ISSN 0043-1648CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    ABNT NBR ISO 14242-1 (2013). Total Hip Joint Prostheses Wear-Part 1: Load and Displacement Parameters for Wear Testing Machines and Test Medium Conditions. ABNT- Associação Brasileira de Normas Técnicas (Brazilian Association of Technical Standards)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    ABNT-a NBR ISO 14142-2 (2010) Total hip joint prosthesis Wear-part 2: measurement methods. ABNT- Associação Brasileira de Normas Técnicas (Brazilian Association of Technical Standards)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    ABNT-b NBR ISO 14242-3 (2010) Total hip joint prostheses Wear-part 3: load and displacement parameters for orbital coupling Wear testing machines and corresponding test medium conditions. ABNT- Associação Brasileira de Normas Técnicas (Brazilian Association of Technical Standards)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Trommer RM, Maru MM (2017). Importance of preclinical assessment of wear in hip implant designs using simulators. Rev Bras OrtopGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Reinisch G, Schoerg J, Leder E, Judmann K, Plitz W, Franek F (2006) Differences of the mechanical setup of hip simulators and their consequences on the outcome of hip wear testing. Journal of ASTM International, Conshohocken, v. 3, n. 8Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Saikko V, Calonius O, Keränen J (2001) Effect of counterface roughness on the wear of conventional and crosslinked ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene studied with a multi-directional motion pin-on-disk device. J Biomed Mater Res Hoboken 57(04):506–512CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Schappo H (2017) Surface study and evaluation of particles resulting from wear of the ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (uhmwpe) component of total hip prostheses. Thesis. UFSC-Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (Federal University of Santa Catarina)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Júnior WBM (2016) Numerical and experimental evaluation of wear of metal-polyethylene hip prostheses. Thesis. UFSC- Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (Federal University of Santa Catarina)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Affatato S, Spinelli M (2008) Tribology and total hip joint replacement: current concepts in mechanical simulation. Med Eng Phys 30:1305–1317CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Calonius O, Saikko V (2002) Slide track analysis of eight contemporary hip simulator designs, Helsinki UniversityGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Haddad M (2014) Development of equipment for wear analysis of total hip prosthesis components. 68 f. thesis (doctorate in mechanical engineering) - Faculty of Engineering, Paulista State University “Júlio de Mesquita Filho”, GuaratinguetáGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Israel C L (2010) Development of a machine for wear tests on total hip joint prostheses. 113 f. Thesis (Doctorate in engineering) - School of Engineering, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto AlegreGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Souza LMF (2010) Tribological behavior of hip prosthesis materials. Dissertation (Integrated Master in Mechanical Engineering) - Faculty of Engineering, University of Porto, PortugalGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Oliveira ALL (2011) Methodological contribution to investigate surface phenomena in hip joint prosthetic tribosystems. 124 f. Thesis (Doctorate in Mechanical engineering), University of São Paulo, São PauloGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Hongtao L, Shirong G, Shoufan C, Shibo W (2011) Comparison of wear debris generated from ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene in vivo and in artificial joint simulator. Wear Amst 271:647–652CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical Engineering of UNESPIlha Solteira CampusIlha SolteiraBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical Engineering of UNESPIlha SolteiraBrazil
  3. 3.Department of Civil Engineering of UNESPIlha SolteiraBrazil

Personalised recommendations