Study on the fabrication of micro-textured end face in one-dimensional ultrasonic vibration–assisted turning

  • Xianfu Liu
  • Xiangyi Hu
  • Jianhua ZhangEmail author
  • Debao Wu


Through fabricating the micro-textures to improve surface property, the surface texturing technology has become a widely used way to prepare the functionalized surface. This study proposed a surface texturing method of one-dimensional ultrasonic vibration–assisted turning to generate micro-textured end face. The generation principle for the micro-textured end face was presented through the description of cutting conditions, the theoretical analysis of textured features, and the simulation prediction of surface topography. The polycrystalline diamond cutting tools with different clearance angles (7° and 20°) and nose radiuses (400 μm, 200 μm, and 100 μm) were used in the experimental tests to investigate the influence of tool geometry on the micro-dimple features. The results show that the micro-dimples with different sizes and shapes can be successfully fabricated on the end face of Copper 1100. Same as the theoretical analysis and simulation prediction, through changing the cross-sectional profile of dimple along cutting direction, the clearance angle and the radius of observed point were verified to play a key role in the shape of micro-dimple. The oval-like dimples and the scale-like dimples can be respectively manufactured under the different intersection states between the flank face and the cutting trace. It was also confirmed that by choosing proper nose radius and the corresponding feed rate, the textured surface covered by micro-dimples of different widths can be generated. This texturing method used for fabricating the micro-textured end face was verified to be feasible and efficient, which laid a foundation for further research on the application of the textured surface.


Surface texturing Ultrasonic vibration–assisted turning Micro-textured end face Dimples Tool geometry 



Spindle speed




Depth of cut


Distance between point B1 and B2


Number of the revolutions of workpiece from B1 to B2


Distance between two adjacent micro-dimples in feed direction


Feed rate


Instantaneous cutting speed


Radius corresponding to the point on end face


Radius of the point B1 on end face


Radius of the point B2 on end face


Radius of the point B3 on end face


Radius of the point B4 on end face


Distance of adjacent two dimples in cutting direction


Ultrasonic vibration frequency


Width of dimple caused by the ultrasonic vibration


Nose radius of cutting tool


Clearance angle of tool


Angle between CG and FG


Intersecting ratio


Intersection angle


Depth of dimple


One part of distance of adjacent two dimples in cutting direction


Another part of distance of adjacent two dimples in cutting direction


Time taken for the tool from point C to point E


Laser surface texturing


Electrochemical machining


Abrasive-jet machining


Ultrasonic vibration device


Computerized numerical controlled


Funding information

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC), No. 51475275.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xianfu Liu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xiangyi Hu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jianhua Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Debao Wu
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of High Efficiency and Clean Mechanical Manufacture, Ministry of Education of China, School of Mechanical EngineeringShandong UniversityJinanChina
  2. 2.National Demonstration Center for Experimental Mechanical Engineering Education, School of Mechanical EngineeringShandong UniversityJinanChina

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