Measurement and analysis of thrust force and torque in friction drilling of difficult-to-machine materials

  • Shayan DehghanEmail author
  • M. I. S. Ismail
  • M. K. A. Ariffin
  • B. T. H. T. Baharudin


Thrust force and torque applying in friction drilling contain some important information related to sufficient heat generation which can improve product quality and reduce tool wear. This concern becomes more challengeable when friction drilling is applied on difficult-to-machine materials. In the present study, temperature, thrust force, and torque for friction drilling of difficult-to-machine materials namely AISI304 and Ti-6Al-4V and Inconel718 are measured and analyzed. It contributes to provide an enhanced understanding of how friction in workpiece-tool interface increases the temperature. Subsequently, the sufficient heat generation, the effective thrust force, and torque that are needed to form a proper bushing with optimum features can be predicted. It is found that increasing in number of drilled holes reduces the quality of bushing shape. It is observed that thermal conductivity of workpiece material has significant effect on bushing formation quality. The findings indicate that better bushing formation and longer tool life are obtained from friction drilling of Inconel718. The microstructural changes of workpiece and tool wear are also analyzed and a relationship between them, temperature, thrust force, and torque, is explored. The maximum tool wear is observed on conical region where the process is in critical cycle time and temperature is on peak point.


Friction drilling AISI304 Ti-6Al-4V Inconel718 Thrust force Torque Temperature 


Funding information

This work is financially supported by the Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (FRGS/1/2015/TK03/UPM/02/2) under the Ministry of Higher Education of Malaysia (MOHE), and Putra Grant (GP-IPS/2015/9452600) under Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringUniversiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)SerdangMalaysia

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