Influence of graphene-enriched nanofluids and textured tool on machining behavior of Ti-6Al-4V alloy

  • Rupinder Singh
  • J. S. Dureja
  • Manu Dogra
  • Munish Kumar GuptaEmail author
  • Mozammel Mia


In this study, turning of titanium (Ti-6Al-4V) alloy under four different environments as dry, vegetable oil under minimum quantity lubrication (MQL), texture on the rake face filled with graphene particles, and graphene-mixed vegetable oil under nanoparticle-based minimum quantity lubrication (NMQL) with textured carbide tools is investigated. Results shows that maximum tool life, lower cutting forces, and minimum cutting temperature generated are with NMQL followed by MQL, texture filled with graphene, and dry turning. The tool life under NMQL is improved by 178 to 190%, main cutting force minimized by 36 to 40%, and cutting temperature reduced by 31 to 42% as compared with dry condition at various cutting speeds. The best turning performance is achieved under NMQL which is mainly due to higher thermal conductivity of MQL fluid mixture and shearing action imparted by graphene on different contact surfaces of tool. Further, the phenomena of improved thermal conductivity and shearing action imparted by graphene are explained by using transient hot-wire/SEM/Raman spectroscopy in this study. Finally, it is concluded that graphene has potential to act as lubricant/coolant in turning processes.


Graphene MQL Textured tools Tool wear Cutting forces Cutting temperature 



Minimum quantity lubrication


Nanoparticle-based minimum quantity lubrication


Axial thrust force (N)


Radial thrust force (N)


Main cutting force (N)


Maximum flank wear (μm)


Cutting speed (m/min)


Feed (mm/rev)


Depth of cut (mm)


Nose radius (mm)


Rockwell hardness on C scale


Scanning electron microscope


American Society for Testing and Materials


International Organization for Standardization


Length to diameter ratio


Dry textured tool


Textured tool with canola oil as MQL based


Textured tool filled with graphene


Textured tool with graphene mixed in canola oil as NMQL fluid



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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical Engineering, University School of Engineering & TechnologyRayat Bahra UniversityMohaliIndia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringPunjabi UniversityPatialaIndia
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical EngineeringPanjab University SSG Regional CentreHoshiarpurIndia
  4. 4.Key Laboratory of High Efficiency and Clean Mechanical Manufacture, Ministry of Education, School of Mechanical EngineeringShandong UniversityJinanPeople’s Republic of China
  5. 5.Department of Mechanical and Production EngineeringAhsanullah University of Science and TechnologyDhakaBangladesh

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