Polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) direct printing for sensors and actuators
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This paper represents a polymeric piezoelectric manufacturing process for sensing and actuation applications. The electric poling-assisted additive manufacturing (EPAM) process combining additive manufacturing (AM) with polymeric poling process has been recently introduced. This process keeps piezoelectric polymer dipoles well-aligned and uniform over a large area in a single-step direct printing process. Here, the EPAM process was employed to directly print polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) polymer; sensing and actuation performance was tested with dynamometer, a baseline comparison measuring instrument. Also, the plasma-assisted poling process that potentially increases piezoelectricity was briefly introduced and discussed with a preliminary result. As a result, this study promises new multi-functional materials, novel designs, and approaches in a single AM and fabrication step by combining AM with piezoelectric polymer poling methods in convenient, fast, and precise manner.
KeywordsPolymeric piezoelectric Electric poling Additive manufacturing Polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) Sensors and actuators
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