Effects of nano-particle lubrication on micro deep drawing of Mg-Li alloy

  • Hamidreza Kamali
  • Haibo Xie
  • Fanghui Jia
  • Hui Wu
  • Hongyang Zhao
  • Hongmei Zhang
  • Na Li
  • Zhengyi JiangEmail author


Effects of various lubrication conditions on macroscale deep drawing have been investigated extensively while in microscale due to the open and closed lubrication pocket theory and friction coefficient escalation, proper lubricant concern becomes severe. Microforming is used to produce lighter and more energy-effective products accordingly; in this study, magnesium-lithium (Mg-Li) alloy is chosen to form a superior micro-cup due to its ultralight weight with outstanding ductility. Mg-Li is a new material in microscale; consequently, to study the mechanical properties, a heat treatment process is performed. The dry and oil lubrication conditions are chosen as benchmarks to investigate effects of TiO2 oil-based nano-additive lubricant. Finite element (FE) modelling has been conducted and the simulated results are agreed well with the experimental results where the drawing force is significantly affected by the nano-particle. The formed cup quality regarding the surface roughness has been evaluated extensively by consideration of various parameters and the quality improvement is substantial.


Micro deep drawing Nano-particle lubrication Friction size effects FE simulation Mg-Li alloy 


Funding information

This study was financially supported by the Australian Research Council (ARC, Grant No. FT120100432) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC, Grant No. 51474127).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hamidreza Kamali
    • 1
  • Haibo Xie
    • 1
  • Fanghui Jia
    • 1
  • Hui Wu
    • 1
  • Hongyang Zhao
    • 2
  • Hongmei Zhang
    • 2
  • Na Li
    • 2
  • Zhengyi Jiang
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.School of Mechanical, Materials and Mechatronic EngineeringUniversity of WollongongWollongongAustralia
  2. 2.School of Materials and MetallurgyUniversity of Science and Technology LiaoningAnshanChina

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