Improved thermal FE numerical model/DoE based on the Taguchi method to estimate weld penetration/energy and non-metallic inclusions: a case study in Ti-containing TWIP steel butt joints

  • V. García-García
  • I. MejíaEmail author
  • F. Reyes-Calderón


In this research work, a finite element (FE) numerical analysis was conducted to study the welding thermal field. The finite element model (FEM) was improved by means of the optimal mesh element size using statistical analysis of a design of experiment (DoE) based on the Taguchi method. Through the improved FEM, numerical model were carried out estimations of the penetration depth, heat dissipation phenomenon, and thermal energy input. Then, FE numerical results were linked to Matlab®. The FEM-Matlab® approach proposed the application of thermal energy predictions to estimate welding critical zones extensions and their possible non-metallic inclusions. The FEM-MATLAB® approach was applied to a case study: twinning-induced plasticity steel microalloyed with titanium (TWIP-Ti) weldments. Welding experiments were performed with the autogenous Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW) process in 6.3-mm thickness plates. The weld samples were analyzed metallographically to measure welding critical regions extensions. Both austenitic grain size and non-metallic inclusions were in good agreement with numerical results. The weld bead obtained by means of the optimal process parameters estimated by the FEM-Matlab® approach achieved full penetration and showed better microstructural characteristics according to the numerical estimation.


FEM Taguchi Method TWIP-Ti GTAW Non-metallic inclusions 


Funding information

This study is supported by the National Council on Science and Technology (Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología-México) during the project CB-2012-01-0177572. The present research project was also supported by the Coordinación de la Investigación Científica-UMSNH (México) (CIC-1.8). Víctor García’s studies were sponsored by the National Council on Science and Technology (Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología-México), N.B. 577720.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. García-García
    • 1
    • 2
  • I. Mejía
    • 1
    Email author
  • F. Reyes-Calderón
    • 2
  1. 1.Instituto de Investigación en Metalurgia y MaterialesUniversidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de HidalgoMoreliaMéxico
  2. 2.Departamento de Metal Mecánica, Posgrado en Metalurgia/Doctorado en Ciencias en Ingeniería-Tecnológico Nacional de MéxicoInstituto Tecnológico de MoreliaMoreliaMéxico

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