Recast layer mechanical properties of tool steel after electrical discharge machining with silicon powder in the dielectric

  • Cezar Augusto Oleinik Luzia
  • Carlos Augusto Henning Laurindo
  • Paulo César SoaresJr
  • Ricardo Diego Torres
  • Luciano Antonio Mendes
  • Fred Lacerda AmorimEmail author


This work investigates the surface modification of quenched and tempered AISI H13 tool steel, widely used in mold-making industry, by sinking EDM with very fine Si powder suspended in the dielectric. The output variable resultant friction coefficients, wear resistance, and hardness of recast layer were measured for different input variables. The 1 A/2.8 μs and 2 A/3.2 μs and 2 A/6.4 μs combinations of discharge current and discharge duration, respectively, produced high hardness, low friction coefficient, and high wear-resistant recast layers, after the formation of martensitic phases in the recast layer as well as C0.17, Fe0.81, Si0.02 carbide. Layer thickness tends to grow with machining time. PMEDM process produced variable amounts of Si in the resultant recast layers, forming iron-silicon carbide phases. Lower wear rates were measured for the high-quality recast layers tested favoring the lifetime of this tool steel in abrasive applications. Martensitic phase formation in the recast layers helps explaining the increased hardness.


AISI H13 tool steel Surface hardness Surface wear Powder mixed electrical discharge machining (PMEDM) Silicon powder 


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© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cezar Augusto Oleinik Luzia
    • 1
  • Carlos Augusto Henning Laurindo
    • 1
  • Paulo César SoaresJr
    • 1
  • Ricardo Diego Torres
    • 1
  • Luciano Antonio Mendes
    • 2
  • Fred Lacerda Amorim
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Mechanical Engineering Graduate Program – PPGEMPontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná – PUCPRCuritibaBrazil
  2. 2.Systems and Production Engineering Graduate Program – PPGEPSPontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná – PUCPRCuritibaBrazil

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