Advertisement

A study of abrasive waterjet multi-pass cutting on kerf quality of carbon fiber-reinforced plastics

  • Shenglei Xiao
  • Peng Wang
  • Hang GaoEmail author
  • Damien Soulat
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
  • 70 Downloads

Abstract

Carbon fiber-reinforced plastics (CFRPs) used extensively in the aerospace and automobile industries pose a challenge into machining techniques because of their hard-machine property. Abrasive waterjet (AWJ) as an emerging technology has been certified as the effective technology to machine such materials, especially for AWJ cutting. In order to further improve the cutting kerf quality without sacrifice of efficiency, this paper is aimed to originally investigate CFRP cutting using multi-pass process with changed parameters among different passes, which is indeed absent in previous works. At first, the material removal mechanism by AWJ multi-pass cutting was discussed to explore the delamination mechanism related to removal material behaviors and to certify that multi-pass cutting can be applied into CFRP machining. The micro-machining including microcutting, plow, and brittle fracture of fibers and matrix was prime material removal mechanism, and the inter-laminar delamination occurring at exit zone was related to the dominant removal mechanism of brittle fracture of fibers, which was influenced heavily by parameters selected. Secondly, the kerf quality produced by the multi-pass cutting with changed parameters and constant parameters is comparatively analyzed. The former could further reduce 53% of kerf taper and improve efficiency 13% as appropriate parameters selected without sacrifice of kerf quality. Regarding the surface quality in smooth cutting zone (SCZ), the former did not show an advantage over the later unless highly increasing pressure at second-pass cutting. It was also induced from experimental results that arranging the low traverse speed at first-pass cutting was superior to it at second-pass cutting.

Keywords

Abrasive waterjet CFRPs Multi-pass cutting Kerf quality Material removal mechanism 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

Funding information

This study received financial support from China Scholarship Council (CSC). This project was financially supported by the Science Found for Creative Research Groups of NSFC (Grant NO.51621064).

References

  1. 1.
    Sheikh-Ahmad JY (2009) Machining of polymer compositesCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Applications I (2011) Carbon Fiber composites. Butterworth-HeinemannGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    M’Saoubi R, Axinte D, Soo SL et al (2015) High performance cutting of advanced aerospace alloys and composite materials. CIRP Ann Manuf Technol 64:557–580.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cirp.2015.05.002 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Abrate S, Walton D (1992) Machining of composite materials . Part II : non- traditional methods machining of composite materials . Part II : non-traditional methods. Compos Manuf 7143:85–94.  https://doi.org/10.1016/0956-7143(92)90120-J CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Wang J (1999) Abrasive waterjet machining of polymer matrix composites - cutting performance, erosive process and predictive models. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 15:757–768.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s001700050129 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Wang J (1999) Machinability study of polymer matrix composites using abrasive waterjet cutting technology. J Mater Process Technol 94:30–35.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0924-0136(98)00443-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Wang J, Guo DM (2002) A predictive depth of penetration model for abrasive waterjet cutting of polymer matrix composites. J Mater Process Technol 121:390–394.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0924-0136(01)01246-8 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Dhanawade A, Kumar S (2017) Experimental study of delamination and kerf geometry of carbon epoxy composite machined by abrasive water jet. J Compos Mater 51:3373–3390.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0021998316688950 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Valíček J, Hloch S, Kozak D (2009) Surface geometric parameters proposal for the advanced control of abrasive waterjet technology. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 41:323–328.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-008-1489-2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lehocka D, Klich J, Foldyna J, Hloch S, Krolczyk JB, Carach J, Krolczyk GM (2016) Copper alloys disintegration using pulsating water jet. Measurement 82:375–383.  https://doi.org/10.1016/J.MEASUREMENT.2016.01.014 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Hreha P, Radvanská A, Hloch S, Peržel V, Królczyk G, Monková K (2015) Determination of vibration frequency depending on abrasive mass flow rate during abrasive water jet cutting. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 77:763–774.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-014-6497-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Hreha P, Radvanska A et al (2015) Roughness parameters calculation by means of on-line vibration monitoring emerging from AWJ interaction with material. Metrol Meas Syst 22:315–326CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Schwartzentruber J, Papini M, Spelt JK (2018) Characterizing and modelling delamination of carbon-fiber epoxy laminates during abrasive waterjet cutting. Compos A Appl Sci Manuf 112:299–314.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesa.2018.06.014 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Shanmugam DK, Nguyen T, Wang J (2008) A study of delamination on graphite/epoxy composites in abrasive waterjet machining. Compos A Appl Sci Manuf 39:923–929.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesa.2008.04.001 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Mm IW, Azmi A, Lee C, Mansor A (2018) Kerf taper and delamination damage minimization of FRP hybrid composites under abrasive water-jet machining. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 94:1727–1744.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-016-9669-y CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Shanmugam DK, Wang J, Liu H (2008) Minimisation of kerf tapers in abrasive waterjet machining of alumina ceramics using a compensation technique. Int J Mach Tools Manuf 48:1527–1534.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmachtools.2008.07.001 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Lemma E, Chen L, Siores E, Wang J (2002) Study of cutting fiber-reinforced composites by using abrasive water-jet with cutting head oscillation. Compos Struct 57:297–303.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0263-8223(02)00097-1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Lemma E, Chen L, Siores E, Wang J (2002) Optimising the AWJ cutting process of ductile materials using nozzle oscillation technique. Int J Mach Tools Manuf 42:781–789.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0890-6955(02)00017-2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Wang J, Kuriyagawa T, Huang CZ (2003) An experimental study to enhance the cutting performance in abrasive waterjet machining. Mach Sci Technol 7:191–207.  https://doi.org/10.1081/MST-120022777 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Wang J, Guo DM (2003) The cutting performance in multipass abrasive waterjet machining of industrial ceramics. J Mater Process Technol 133:371–377.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0924-0136(02)01125-1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Hashish M (1989) A model for abrasive-waterjet (AWJ) machining. J Eng Mater Technol 111:154.  https://doi.org/10.1115/1.3226448 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Monno M, Ravasio C (2005) The effect of cutting head vibrations on the surfaces generated by waterjet cutting. Int J Mach Tools Manuf 45:355–363.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmachtools.2004.07.010 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Li W, Zhu H, Wang J, Huang C (2016) Radial-mode abrasive waterjet turning of short carbon–fiber-reinforced plastics. Mach Sci Technol 20:231–248.  https://doi.org/10.1080/10910344.2016.1165836 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Hascalik A, Çaydaş U, Gürün H (2007) Effect of traverse speed on abrasive waterjet machining of Ti-6Al-4V alloy. Mater Des 28:1953–1957.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2006.04.020 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Wang J (2003) Abrasive Waterjet Machining of Engineering MaterialsGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Wang J (2007) Predictive depth of jet penetration models for abrasive waterjet cutting of alumina ceramics. Int J Mech Sci 49:306–316.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmecsci.2006.09.005 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shenglei Xiao
    • 1
    • 2
  • Peng Wang
    • 2
  • Hang Gao
    • 1
    Email author
  • Damien Soulat
    • 2
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of the Ministry of Education for Precision and Non-traditional Machining Technology, School of Mechanical EngDalian University of TechnologyDalianChina
  2. 2.University of LilleRoubaixFrance

Personalised recommendations