Comparative study on lubricating and cooling conditions in the drilling process of electrolytic copper

  • Juan Carlos Campos RubioEmail author
  • Bruna Aparecida Rezende
  • Luciano Machado Gomes Vieira
  • Hector Muñoz Romero
  • Luis Arturo Rapso Brenes


The cutting fluids contributed for removing chips, cooling, and lubricating, on the other hand, are harmful to the environment. The minimum quantity lubrication technique (MQL) in machining operations proved to be suitable in addition to minimizing the environmental impact. The present work is focused on the drilling of electrolytic copper using biodegradable oil as cutting fluids applied by the MQL technique. The specific cutting pressure, burr height, and maximum diameter were measured varying the cutting parameters, cutting speed, feed, and lubrication condition (dry, flooded, and MQL). A statistical analysis was utilized to determine the influence of cutting parameters in the variables measured. The results indicated that the second-order interactions have a significant influence on the specific cutting pressure and in burr height. The lowest burr height was obtained using flood and MQL. The MQL system demonstrated the lowest specific cutting pressure, while the flood exhibited the best performance for diameter analysis. In addition to this, it can be confirmed that the MQL technique may replace the flooding drilling (abundant flow), minimizing the environmental impact.


Biodegradable cutting fluids MQL Drilling Electrolytic copper Environmentally friendly manufacturing 


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Would like to thank the University of Santiago (USACH) for support offered during the work.

Funding information

The authors would like to thank the Brazilian Research Agencies, CNPq, FAPEMIG, and CAPES for the financial support provided.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Juan Carlos Campos Rubio
    • 1
    Email author
  • Bruna Aparecida Rezende
    • 1
  • Luciano Machado Gomes Vieira
    • 1
  • Hector Muñoz Romero
    • 2
  • Luis Arturo Rapso Brenes
    • 3
  1. 1.Engineering SchoolFederal University of Minas GeraisBelo HorizonteBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of Santiago (USACH)SantiagoChile
  3. 3.Mechanical Engineering SchoolUniversity of Costa RicaSan JoseCosta Rica

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