Research on cavitation involved in ultrasonic-assisted abrasive waterjet machining

  • Zhe LvEmail author
  • Rongguo Hou
  • Tao Wang
  • Chuanzhen Huang
  • Hongtao Zhu


The cavitation characteristics involved in ultrasonic-assisted abrasive waterjet were analyzed in the present study. The fluid field corresponding to ultrasonic-assisted AWJ was investigated through utilizing computational fluid dynamics. A cavitation model was adopted to simulate the mass transfer between water liquid and vapor phases. The evolution of cavitation during the impacting process and the effects of vibration parameters on cavitating characteristics were investigated. Moreover, a set of experiments were performed to evaluate the effects of ultrasonic-induced cavitation on erosion and material removal of ceramics. The results indicated that the evolution of cavitation had dependency on the fluid pressure and turbulence at impacted zone, and the synergetic erosion of microjets and accelerated particles induced by collapsing cavitation bubbles can evidently enhance the material removal. The material removal rate was improved by 82% at most under ultrasonic vibration.


Abrasive waterjet Ultrasonic CFD Cavitation 


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Funding information

This work is supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (51405274).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Mechanical EngineeringShandong University of TechnologyZiboChina
  2. 2.Center for Advanced Jet Engineering Technologies (CaJET), Key Laboratory of High-Efficiency and Clean Mechanical Manufacture (Ministry of Education), School of Mechanical EngineeringShandong UniversityJinanChina

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