A novelty optimization approach for drilling of CFRP nanocomposite laminates

  • Halil Burak Kaybal
  • Ali ÜnüvarEmail author
  • Murat Koyunbakan
  • Ahmet Avcı


Numerous problems are encountered in drilling of carbon fiber-reinforced polymer composite materials (CFRP) such as delamination, tool wear etc. Delamination has been recognized as a major damage encountered when drilling composite laminates. In the present study, machinability and the effects of cutting speed and feed rate upon thrust force and delamination formation in carbon nano tube (CNT)-added carbon fiber-reinforced plastics (CFRP) and CFRP were investigated. With this purpose, the experiments were planned. The response surface analysis has been carried out to study the main and the interaction effects of the machining parameters. By using the Taguchi method, cutting parameters’ degrees of influence were determined. A new multi-objective optimization for the appropriate drilling process of these composite materials was proposed and an analytical optimization technique was applied. Appropriate cutting parameters of thrust force and delamination factor were found and the optimization results showed that the combination of low feed rate with high cutting speed is necessary to minimize delamination in drilling of CFRP.The machinability refers to the relative ease or difficulty under certain cutting conditions. So, it is very important to understand the factors that affect the machinability and to evaluate their effects. Machinability of Epoxy/CF and CNT-Epoxy/CF was investigated. It was aimed to evaluate the machinability of these materials. A new machinability index has been developed in current study. It was found out that machinability of Epoxy/CF is better than CNT-Epoxy/CF.


CFRP Nanocomposite RSM Taguchi methods Drilling Thrust force Optimization Machinability 


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The authors wish to acknowledge Selcuk University Manufacturing System Automation and Computer Aid Design and Production Research and Application Center and BAP Office with the Turkish Scientific Research Institution for the support and contribution.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Halil Burak Kaybal
    • 1
  • Ali Ünüvar
    • 2
    Email author
  • Murat Koyunbakan
    • 3
  • Ahmet Avcı
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringAmasya UniversityAmasyaTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringSelcuk UniversityKonyaTurkey
  3. 3.Department of Manufacturing EngineeringDumlupinar UniversityKütahyaTurkey

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