Design of diagonal cross-aisle warehouses with class-based storage assignment strategy

  • Marco BortoliniEmail author
  • Maurizio Faccio
  • Emilio Ferrari
  • Mauro Gamberi
  • Francesco Pilati


Non-traditional warehouses shorten the travelled paths to store and retrieve (S/R) the loads, thanks to additional aisles crossing the parallel racks. This paper provides the analytic model to best design a non-traditional warehouse for unit-load (UL) with diagonal cross-aisles and storage policy according to the class-based storage (CBS) strategy. The model minimizes the average single-command cycle time to S/R the loads, best sizing the classes, their shape, and the position/numbers of additional aisles. The focus is on both 2- and 3-CBS optimizing the number of diagonal cross-aisles to best balance the travel time reduction and the loss of storage space due to the aisles. Furthermore, benchmarking toward standard warehouses with no diagonal cross-aisles and random assignment strategy allows quantifying the positive impact of the proposed design configuration on the daily warehouse operations.


Non-traditional warehouse Warehouse design Class-based storage Diagonal cross-aisle Warehouse operations 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marco Bortolini
    • 1
    Email author
  • Maurizio Faccio
    • 2
  • Emilio Ferrari
    • 1
  • Mauro Gamberi
    • 1
  • Francesco Pilati
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Industrial Engineering, Alma Mater StudiorumUniversity of BolognaBolognaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Management and EngineeringUniversity of PadovaVicenzaItaly

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