Improvement in accuracy of micro-dimple arrays prepared by micro-electrochemical machining with high-pressure hydrostatic electrolyte

  • Yongqiang Pan
  • Zhibao Hou
  • Ningsong QuEmail author


Micro-dimple arrays, as a common surface texture, play an important role in improving the tribological properties and lifetimes of mechanical parts. Through-mask electrochemical micromachining (TMEMM) is an important and popular approach for fabricating micro-dimple arrays. In traditional TMEMM that uses polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) as a mask, the accumulation and escape of the oxygen bubbles generated on each micro-dimple vary considerably, which decreases the uniformity of the electrical field and leads to poor dimensional uniformity (including diameter and depth) of the micro-dimple arrays. In this paper, high-pressure hydrostatic electrolyte was proposed in order to enhance the uniformity of the electrical field distribution on the workpiece surface. Both the dimensions and machining accuracy of micro-dimple arrays under different applied direct current (DC) voltages during high-pressure hydrostatic TMEMM were investigated experimentally. Two novel phenomena were observed: (i) the dimensions of the micro-dimple arrays were greater at low voltages than at high voltages, and (ii) the machining accuracy was high at both low and high applied voltages but was low at intermediate voltages. At 32 V DC, an array of 14,000 micro-dimples was successfully fabricated with a diameter and a depth of 105.95 and 9.79 μm, respectively, and with diameter and depth deviations of 0.59 μm and 0.21 μm, respectively.


Micro-dimple arrays PDMS mask Through-mask electrochemical micromachining High-pressure hydrostatic Machining accuracy DC voltage 


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Funding information

The work described in this study was supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program, Grant 2015CB057502) and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (Grant NZ2016106).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Mechanical and Electrical EngineeringNanjing University of Aeronautics and AstronauticsNanjingChina
  2. 2.Shanghai Aerospace Control Technology InstituteShanghaiChina
  3. 3.Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Precision and Micro-Manufacturing TechnologyNanjingChina

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