Study on the grindability of nano-vitrified bond CBN grinding wheel for nickel-based alloy

  • Ying Shi
  • Zhihui Wang
  • Shengzhi Xu
  • Tianbiao YuEmail author
  • Zhili Sun


This paper aims to study the effect of nano-vitrified bond grinding wheels on the grinding ability of nickel-based alloys and explores the effect of different content of nano-materials on the performance of grinding wheels. The nano-vitrified bond grinding wheel is manufactured by adding nano-materials into the conventional vitrified bond. When the content of nano-SiO2 is 10% and the content of nano-Al2O3 is 5%, the refractoriness, fluidity, and bending strength of the bond are superior to those of the conventional vitrified bond grinding wheel. Through the grinding experiment of high-temperature nickel-based alloy GH4169, it proved that the grinding force of nano-vitrified bond grinding wheel and the grinding temperature are lower than the conventional vitrified bond grinding wheel, and the grinding surface quality is better than the conventional vitrified abrasive. Obviously, nano-vitrified bond CBN grinding wheel is more suitable for the grinding of high-temperature alloy.


Nano-vitrified bond Superalloy Grinding CBN grinding wheel 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.



The authors would like to thank the Major State Basic Research Development Program of China (2017YFA0701200) and the National Natural Scientific Foundation of China (No. U1508206 and No. 51275084) for the financial support of this work. The authors also would acknowledge the Key laboratory project of Liaoning Province (LZ2015038) for the financial support of this research work. The authors also would gratefully acknowledge the supported from the Science and Technology Planning Project of Shenyang (No.18006001).


  1. 1.
    Liu J, Cao J, Lin X, Song X, Feng J (2013) Microstructure and mechanical properties of diffusion bonded single crystal to polycrystalline Ni-based superalloys joint. Mater Design 49:622–626. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Liu Q, Chen X, Gindy N (2008) Robust design and optimisation of aerospace alloy grinding by different abrasive wheels. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 39:1125–1135. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Li X, Meng F, Cui W, Ma S (2015) The CNC grinding of integrated impeller with electroplated CBN wheel. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 79:1353–1361. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Klocke F, König W (1995) Appropriate conditioning strategies increase the performance capabilities of vitrified-bond CBN grinding wheels. CIRP Ann Manuf Technol 44(1):305–310. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Miao Q, Ding W, Fu D, Chen Z, Fu Y (2017) Influence of graphite addition on bonding properties of abrasive layer of metal-bonded CBN wheel. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 93(5–8):2675–2684. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Rom M, Brakhage KH, Barth S, Wrobel C, Mattfeld P, Klocke F (2018) Mathematical modeling of ceramic bond bridges in grinding wheels. Math Comput Simul 147:220–236. MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Chen X, Rowe WB, Cai R (2002) Precision grinding using CBN wheels. Int J Mach Tools Manuf 42:585–593. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Jackson MJ, Davis CJ, Hitchiner MP, Mills B (2001) High-speed grinding with CBN grinding wheels-applications and future technology. J Mater Process Technol 110:78–88. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Liu X, Qiao A, Wan L, Hu W, Song D, Li Z, Yin Z, Pan R (2014) Effect of ZrO2 content on the properties of diamond grinding wheel vitrified bond. J Wuhan Univ Technol(Materials Science Edition) 29:19–22. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    He F, Zhang W, Zhou Q, Xie J, Li Y (2016) Effect of aluminum addition on microstructure and properties of SiO2-B2O3-Al2O3-CaO vitrified bond. J Wuhan Univ Technol (Materials Science Edition) 31:1267–1271.
  11. 11.
    Shan D, Li Z, Zhu Y, Ye H, Gao K, Yu Y (2012) Influence of TiO2on the physical properties of low-temperature ceramic vitrified bond and mechanical properties of CBN composites. Ceram Int 38:4573–4578. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Nadolny K, Herman D (2015) Effect of vitrified bond microstructure and volume fraction in the grinding wheel on traverse internal cylindrical grinding of Inconel® alloy 600. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 81:905–915. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Nadolny K, Al-Obaidi ASM (2016) A multi-criteria methodology for effectiveness assessment of internal cylindrical grinding process with modified grinding wheels. Int J Adv Manuf Technol:1–13.
  14. 14.
    Jackson MJ, Barlow N, Mills B (1994) The effect of bond composition on the strength of partially-bonded vitrified ceramic abrasives. J Mater Sci Lett 13:1287–1289. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Barry TI, Lay LA, Morrell R (1980) Strength of experimental grinding wheel materials including use of novel glass and glass-ceramic bonds. Trans J Br Ceram Soc 79(6):139–145Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Herman D, Krzos J (2009) Influence of vitrified bond structure on radial wear of cBN grinding wheels. J Mater Process Technol 209:5377–5386. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Kopac J, Krajnik P (2006) High-performance grinding—a review. J Mater Process Technol 175:278–284. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Adibi H, Rezaei SM, Sarhan AAD (2013) Analytical modeling of grinding wheel loading phenomena. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 68:473–485. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Yu T, Bastawros AF, Chandra A (2017) Experimental and modeling characterization of wear and life expectancy of electroplated CBN grinding wheels. Int J Mach Tools Manuf 121:70–80. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Zeng Q, Liu G, Liu L, Qin Y (2015) Investigation into grindability of a superalloy and effects of grinding parameters on its surface integrity. Proc Inst Mech Eng B J Eng Manuf 229(2):238–250. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Zhao B, Ding W, Dai J, Xi X, Xu J (2014) A comparison between conventional speed grinding and super-high speed grinding of (TiCp + TiBw) / Ti-6Al-4V composites using vitrified CBN wheel. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 72:69–75. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Zhu Y, Lu W, Sun Y, Zuo D (2017) Grinding characteristics in high-speed grinding of boron-diffusion-hardened TC21-DT titanium alloy with vitrified CBN wheel. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 89(5–8):1269–1277. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Zhao Z, Fu Y, Xu J, Zhang Z, Liu Z, He J (2016) An investigation on high-efficiency profile grinding of directional solidified nickel-based superalloys DZ125 with electroplated CBN wheel. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 83:1–11. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Yao C, Jin Q, Huang X, Wu D, Ren J, Zhang D (2013) Research on surface integrity of grinding inconel718. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 65:1019–1030. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Gong Y, Zhou Y, Wen X, Cheng J, Sun Y, Ma L (2017) Experimental study on micro-grinding force and subsurface microstructure of nickel-based single crystal superalloy in micro grinding. J Mech Sci Technol 31:3397–3410. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Yu T, Bastawros AF, Chandra A (2015) Modeling wear process of electroplated CBN grinding wheel. Int Manuf Sci Eng Conf 1:1–7. Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Li H, Yu T, Zhu L, Wang W (2015) Analysis of loads on grinding wheel binder in grinding process: insights from discontinuum-hypothesis-based grinding simulation. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 78:1943–1960. CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Mechanical Engineering and AutomationNortheastern UniversityShenyangPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations