Influence of Al2O3 addition on the hardness and in vitro corrosion behavior of laser synthesized Ti-Al2O3 coatings on Ti-6Al-4V

  • A. MthisiEmail author
  • A. P. I. Popoola


Titanium alloy (Ti-6Al-4V) has been mostly used for medical implants due to its good chemical and mechanical properties. However, this alloy has tendency to emanate toxic V and Al due to its low corrosion resistance in body conditions. In this work, an experimental study of laser cladding Ti-Al2O3 coatings with different Al2O3 fractions (5 wt.% Al2O3, 8 wt.% Al2O3, and 10 wt.% Al2O3) was carried out to establish a coating which could improve the hardness and corrosion resistance of Ti-6Al-4V alloy. Laser parameters of 900 W power, 0.6 m/min laser scan speed, and 2 l/min powder feed were used in this research. The microstructure, phase constituents, microhardness, and corrosion of the resultant coatings were characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM), optical microscope (OPM), X-Ray Diffractometer (XRD), Vicker hardness tester, and potentiostat respectively. Results showed that a defect free coating was achieved at a coating with less Al2O3 content. Increase in Al2O3 addition resulted in increment of hardness with Ti-10 wt.% Al2O3 coating achieving an optimum hardness of about 2.2 times greater than that of the substrate. Moreover, considerable increment in corrosion resistance of Ti-6Al-4V alloy was achieved after laser deposition of various Ti-Al2O3 admixed coatings. An optimal corrosion rate reduction of about 81% and polarization resistance increment of 709% over the substrate were achieved at Ti-5 wt.% Al2O3 due to low porosity within the coating layer. It has been established that fabricating Ti-Al2O3 on Ti6Al4V through laser could be used in improving the surface hardness values and corrosion resistance.


Ti-6Al-4V alloy Ti-Al2O3 coatings Laser cladding Corrosion behavior Hardness properties 


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This material is based upon the work financially supported by the National Research Foundation of South Africa. The National Laser Centre, CSIR, Pretoria, South Africa, is appreciated for laser facility. The authors also acknowledge the support from Tshwane University of Technology, South Africa.


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© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical and Metallurgical EngineeringTshwane University of TechnologyPretoriaSouth Africa

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