Advertisement

Improving cutting performance of carbide twist drill combined internal cooling and micro-groove textures in high-speed drilling Ti6Al4V

  • Dalin Guo
  • Xuhong GuoEmail author
  • Kedong Zhang
  • Yadong Chen
  • Chichi Zhou
  • Liwu Gai
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
  • 96 Downloads

Abstract

High-speed cutting technology has become the main direction of development of machinery manufacturing industry; however, the excessive temperature and sharp tool wear have greatly restricted the improvement of drilling speed. To reduce the cutting temperature and alleviate the severe friction and wear of the tool/chip and tool/workpiece interface, micro-groove textures were fabricated on the rake face and flank face of the carbide internal cooling twist drills by an Nd:YAG laser. Thus, two developed cutting tools were fabricated: (1) the internal cooling twist drills with textured rake-face (TF) and (2) the internal cooling twist drills with textured flank-face (TB). High-speed drilling experiments were carried out on Ti6Al4V using these developed tools, and the resulting friction and wear data were compared with those from the conventional one (NT). Results obtained in this work demonstrated the feasibility of fabricating micro-groove textures on internal cooling tool to improve the high-speed cutting performance. Moreover, the mechanisms for the effects of micro-textures fabricated on rake face and flank face were different. The micro-groove textures fabricated on the rake face can significantly increase the degree of chip curling, reduce the contact length at the tool/chip interface, and improve the chip breaking ability; while, the internal cooling abilities were significantly enhanced by the micro-textures fabricated on the flank face; thus, the effects on decreasing the drilling force and improving the anti-adhesive and abrasive wear properties were achieved.

Keywords

Internal cooling twist drill Micro-groove texture High-speed drilling performance Tool wear mechanism 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

Funding information

This work is supported by the Funding of Jiangsu Innovation Program for Graduate Education (SJLX16_0539) and Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2017M621812).

References

  1. 1.
    Ezugwu E, Wang Z (1997) Titanium alloys and their machinability-a review. J Mater Process Technol 68(3):262–274CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Tan D, Guo W, Wang H, Lin H, Wang C (2018) Cutting performance and wear mechanism of TiB2-B4C ceramic cutting tools in high speed turning of Ti6Al4V alloy. Ceram Int 44(13):15495–15502Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Venugopal K, Paul S, Chattopadhyay A (2007) Tool wear in cryogenic turning of Ti6Al4V alloy. Cryogenics 47(1):12–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Safari H, Sharif S, Izman H, Jafari (2015) Surface integrity characterization in high-speed dry end milling of Ti-6Al-4V titanium alloy. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 78(1–4):651–657Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Oosthuizen G, Akdogan G, Treurnicht N (2011) The performance of PCD tools in high-speed milling of Ti6Al4V. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 52(9–12):929–935CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ai X (2003) High speed machining technology, 1st edn. National Defense Industry, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bagci E, Ozcelik B (2007) Effects of different cooling conditions on twist drill temperature. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 34(9–10):867–877CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Jessy K, Satish S, Dinakaran D, Rao V (2015) Influence of different cooling methods on drill temperature in drilling GFRP. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 76(1–4):609–621CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hamilton D (1966) A theory of lubrication by microirregularities. Trans Asme Journal of Basic Eng 88(1):177CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Etsion I (2004) Improving tribological performance of mechanical components by laser surface. Tribol Lett 17(4):733–737CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Sugihara T, Enomoto T (2013) Crater and flank wear resistance of cutting tools having micro textured surfaces. Prec Eng 37(4):888–896CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Xing Y, Deng J, Zhao J, Zhang G, Zhang K (2014) Cutting performance and wear mechanism of nanoscale and microscale textured Al2O3/TiC ceramic tools in dry cutting of hardened steel. Int J Refract Met Hard Mater 43(3):46–58CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Shen X, Guo X, Deng D, Lu L, Chen Y (2017) Study on cutting performance and tool wear of micro-textured tool for milling Ti6Al4V. Functional Materials 24(3):501–508Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Duan R, Deng J, Ai X, Liu Y, Chen H (2017) Experimental assessment of derivative cutting of micro-textured tools in dry cutting of medium carbon steels. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 92(9–12):3531–3540CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Zhang K, Deng J, Xing Y, Li S, Gao H (2015) Effect of microscale texture on cutting performance of WC/Co-based TiAlN coated tools under different lubrication conditions. Appl Surf Sci 326:107–118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Deng J, Wu Z, Lian Y, Qi T, Cheng J (2012) Performance of carbide tools with textured rake-face filled with solid lubricants in dry cutting processes. Int J Refract Met Hard Mater 30(1):164–172CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Li Y, Deng J, Chai Y, Fan W (2016) Surface textures on cemented carbide cutting tools by micro EDM assisted with high-frequency vibration. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 82(9–12):2157–2165CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Fatima A, Mativenga P (2015) A comparative study on cutting performance of rake-flank face structured cutting tool in orthogonal cutting of AISI/SAE 4140. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 78(9–12):2097–2106CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Chang W, Sun J, Luo X (2011) Investigation of microstructured milling tool for deferring tool wear. Wear 271(1):2433–2437CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Kawasegi N, Sugimori H, Morimoto H, Morita N, Hori I (2009) Development of cutting tools with microscale and nanoscale textures to improve frictional behavior. Prec Eng 33(3):248–254CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Silva W, Suarez M, Machado A, Costa H (2013) Effect of laser surface modification on the micro-abrasive wear resistance of coated cemented carbide tools. Wear 302(1–2):1230–1240CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Qi B, Li L, He N, Zhao W, Wang Z (2011) Experimental research on orthogonal cutting of Ti6Al4V with micro-textured tool. Thermodynamics 31(4):346–351Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Wu Z, Deng J, Su C, Luo C, Xia D (2012) Performance of the micro-texture self-lubricating and pulsating heat pipe self-cooling tools in dry cutting process. Int J Refract Met Hard Mater 45:238–248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Zhang K, Deng J, Meng R, Gao P, Yue H (2015) Effect of nano-scale textures on cutting performance of WC/Co-based Ti55Al45N coated tools in dry cutting. Int J Refract Met Hard Mater 51:35–49CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Tiffany D, Liu P, Xiong S, Grzina D, Cao J (2013) Surface texturing of drill bits for adhesion reduction and tool life enhancement. Tribol Lett 52(1):113–122CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Gao H (2015) Design and preparation of micro-textured twist drills and drilling performance. Shandong UniversityGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Pan J, Zhuo Y, Lian Y, Zhang X (2015) Three-dimensional parametric modeling of carbide internal cooling aiguille. Journal of Xian Jiaotong University 49(10):48–53Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Zhang K, Deng J, Lei S, Yu X (2016) Effect of micro/nano-textures and burnished MoS2, addition on the tribological properties of PVD TiAlN coatings against AISI 316 stainless steel. Surf Coat Tech 291:382–395CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Wen S, Huang P (2002) Principles of tribology, 2st edn. Tsinghua University Press, BeijingGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dalin Guo
    • 1
  • Xuhong Guo
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kedong Zhang
    • 1
  • Yadong Chen
    • 1
  • Chichi Zhou
    • 1
  • Liwu Gai
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical and Electrical EngineeringSoochow UniversitySuzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical and Electrical EngineeringSuzhou Vocational UniversitySuzhouPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations