Tool wear characterization in high-speed milling of titanium metal matrix composites

  • Saeid Kamalizadeh
  • Seyed Ali NiknamEmail author
  • Alireza Asgari
  • Marek Balazinski


Titanium metal matrix composites (Ti-MMCs) have been successfully incorporated into a vast number of products within various industrial sectors. Despite excellent mechanical and physical features, due to the presence of hard and abrasive ceramic particles in metal matrices of Ti-MMCs, various issues have been emerged regarding machining and machinability of Ti-MMCs. Among critical machinability attributes, tool/insert wear and surface quality, in principle average surface roughness, Ra, are the principal critical attributes. This study plans to present an experimental analysis of wear characterization of polycrystalline diamond (PCD) and carbide inserts during high-speed milling of Ti-MMCs. The main wear modes observed were adhesion, abrasion, and diffusion. Oxidation was also observed at under those cutting conditions with elevated temperature. Regardless of the insert used, edge chipping was also observed in milling tests under various levels of cutting. It was observed that cutting speed and depth of cut are the major cutting parameters affecting wear rate in carbide X500 and PCD inserts. Meanwhile, surface roughness Ra was not affected by the cutting parameters used when using PCD insert. Promising tool wear rates also were recorded under low levels of cutting speed and high levels of feed rate when using carbide insert X500.


Tool wear Ti-MMC Insert PCD Carbide Milling Hard-to-cut materials 


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Funding information

This study received financial support from the Fonds Québécois de la Recherche sur la Nature et les Technologies (FQRNT) and NSERC Canadian Network for Research and Innovation in Machining Technology (CANRIMT).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Saeid Kamalizadeh
    • 1
  • Seyed Ali Niknam
    • 2
    Email author
  • Alireza Asgari
    • 1
  • Marek Balazinski
    • 1
  1. 1.Mechanical Engineering DepartmentPolytechnique MontrealMontrealCanada
  2. 2.Sustainable Manufacturing Systems Research Laboratory, School of Mechanical EngineeringIran University of Science and TechnologyTehranIran

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