New color from multilayer coating applied machining tools based on tungsten carbide insert

  • J. C. CaicedoEmail author


TiCN/TiNbCN multilayer systems were synthetized on silicon substrates by radio frequency (r.f.) magnetron sputtering with alternatively changing the sputtering plasma composition between pure Ti+C and Nb elements under a reactive mixture of Ar/N2. Bilayer numbers were increased from nanometric range (15 nm) to higher micrometric range (1.5 μm). The structural and chemical properties were analyzed by X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy (TEM), electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS), and optical properties via color purity. The multilayer period effect on the optical properties such as color purity was studied and the color dependence as function of bilayer number with niobium (Nb) modulation in the TiCN/TiNbCN system determined. The spectra for all layers showed high reflectance at large wavelengths, e.g., 92% for the TiNbCN layer, 89% for the TiCN layer, and about 75% for the TiCN/TiNbCN multilayer deposited with n = 200 and Λ = 15 nm. So the changes in the color purity present novel color applied on machining tools (tungsten carbide insert) in relation to (Nb) fluctuation which can be applied in optical and industrial applications.


Carbon nitride multilayers Niobium (Nb) modulation Reflectance Color purity 


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The authors acknowledge the Serveis Científico-Tecnics of the Universitat de Barcelona for support with the XRD, XPS, and TEM analyses.

Funding information

This study was supported by “El patrimonio Autónomo Fondo Nacional de Financiamiento para la Ciencia, la Tecnología y la Innovación Francisco Jose de Caldas” under contract RC-No. 275-2011 with Center of Excellence for Novel Materials (CENM), and by “Vicerrectoría de investigaciones de la Universidad Militar Nueva Granada” under contract ING-2340-2017.


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© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Tribology PolymersPowder Metallurgy and Processing of Solid Recycled Research Group Universidad del ValleCaliColombia

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