Exploring the hybrid metal extrusion and bonding process for butt welding of Al–Mg–Si alloys
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The hybrid metal extrusion and bonding (HYB) process is a new solid-state joining technique developed for aluminum alloys. By the use of filler material addition and plastic deformation sound joints can be produced at operating temperatures below 400 °C. The HYB process has the potential to compete with commonplace welding technologies, but its comparative advantages have not yet been fully explored. Here, we present for the first time the results from an exploratory investigation of the mechanical integrity of a 4-mm AA6082-T6 HYB joint, covering both hardness, tensile and Charpy V-notch testing. The joint is found to be free from defects like pores, internal cavities and kissing bonds, yet a soft heat-affected zone (HAZ) is still present. The joint yield strength is 54% of that of the base material, while the corresponding joint efficiency is 66%. The indications are that the HYB process may compete or even outperform conventional welding techniques for aluminum in the future after it has been fully developed and optimized.
KeywordsHybrid metal extrusion and bonding (HYB) Solid state joining Al-Mg-Si alloys Mechanical properties
The authors are indebted to Ulf Roar Aakenes and Tor Austigard of HyBond AS for valuable assistance in producing the 4-mm AA6082-T6 HYB joint being examined in the present investigation.
The authors acknowledge the financial support from HyBond AS, NTNU, and NAPIC (NTNU Aluminum Product Innovation Center).
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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