Experimental investigation of machining characteristics and chatter stability for Hastelloy-X with ultrasonic and hot turning

  • Mehmet Alper SofuoğluEmail author
  • Fatih Hayati Çakır
  • Selim Gürgen
  • Sezan Orak
  • Melih Cemal Kuşhan


Ultrasonic-assisted machining is a machining operation based on the intermittent cutting of material which is obtained through vibrations generated by an ultrasonic system. This method utilizes low-amplitude vibrations with high frequency to prevent continuous contact between a cutting tool and a workpiece. Hot machining is another method for machining materials which are difficult to cut. The basic principle of this method is that the surface of the workpiece is heated to a specific temperature below the recrystallization temperature of the material. This heating operation can be applied before or during the machining process. Both of these operations improve machining operations in terms of workpiece-cutting tool characteristics. In this study, a novel hybrid machining method called hot ultrasonic-assisted turning (HUAT) is proposed for the machinability of Hastelloy-X material. This new technique combines ultrasonic-assisted turning (UAT) and hot turning methods to take advantage of both machining methods in terms of machining characteristics, such as surface roughness, stable cutting depths, and cutting tool temperature. In order to observe the effect of the HUAT method, Hastelloy-X alloy was selected as the workpiece. Experiments on conventional turning (CT), UAT, and HUAT operations were carried out for Hastelloy-X alloy, changing the cutting speed and cutting tool overhang lengths. Chip morphology was also observed. In addition, modal and sound tests were performed to investigate the modal and stability characteristics of the machining. The analysis of variance (ANOVA) method was performed to find the effect of the cutting speed, tool overhang length, and machining techniques (CT, UAT, HUAT) on surface roughness, stable cutting depths, and cutting tool temperature. The results show both ultrasonic vibration and heat improve the machining of Hastelloy-X. A decrease in surface roughness and an increase in stable cutting depths were observed, and higher cutting tool temperatures were obtained in UAT and HUAT compared to CT. According to the ANOVA results, tool overhang length, cutting speed, and machining techniques were effective parameters for surface roughness and stable cutting depths at a 1% significance level (p ≤ 0.01). In addition, cutting speed and machining techniques have an influence on cutting tool temperature at a 1% significance level (p ≤ 0.01). During chip analysis, serrated chips were observed in UAT and HUAT.


Ultrasonic-assisted turning Hot machining Surface roughness Chatter stability Cutting tool temperature Hastelloy-X 


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Funding Information

This work was financially supported by the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TÜBİTAK Project #215M382) and the Research Fund of Eskişehir Osmangazi University (ESOGU BAP Project #2016-1086). The authors M.A. Sofuoğlu and S. Gürgen acknowledge the support of TÜBİTAK under programs 2228 and 2211.


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© Springer-Verlag London Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mehmet Alper Sofuoğlu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Fatih Hayati Çakır
    • 2
  • Selim Gürgen
    • 2
  • Sezan Orak
    • 1
  • Melih Cemal Kuşhan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringEskişehir Osmangazi UniversityEskişehirTurkey
  2. 2.Vocational School of TransportationAnadolu UniversityEskişehirTurkey

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