Sustainable third-party reverse logistic provider selection with fuzzy SWARA and fuzzy MOORA in plastic industry

  • Reza Kiani Mavi
  • Mark Goh
  • Navid Zarbakhshnia


Third-party logistic provider (3PLP) companies play a major role in supply chain management (SCM) by carrying out specialized functions—namely, integrated operation, warehousing, and transportation services. Taking sustainability issues into consideration makes reverse logistics even more significant. In this paper, a combination of sustainability and risk factors was considered for third-party reverse logistic provider (3PRLP) evaluation. Initially, fuzzy step-wise weight assessment ratio analysis (Fuzzy SWARA) was applied for weighing the evaluation criteria; then, Fuzzy multi-objective optimization on the basis of ratio analysis (Fuzzy MOORA) was utilized for ranking the sustainable third-party reverse logistic providers in the plastic industry in the second step. Findings highlight that quality, recycling, health, and safety were the most important criteria in economic, environmental, and social dimensions of sustainability, respectively. Also, operational risk was found to have the highest weight among risk factors.


Sustainable reverse logistics Third-party reverse logistic provider (3PRLP) Supply chain management (SCM) Risk Fuzzy multi-objective optimization on the basis of ratio analysis (Fuzzy MOORA) Fuzzy step-wise weight assessment ratio analysis (Fuzzy SWARA) 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Reza Kiani Mavi
    • 1
  • Mark Goh
    • 2
  • Navid Zarbakhshnia
    • 3
  1. 1.Center for Innovative Practice, School of Business and LawEdith Cowan UniversityJoondalupAustralia
  2. 2.NUS Business SchoolNational University of SingaporeSingaporeSingapore
  3. 3.Department of Industrial ManagementIslamic Azad University (IAU) Qazvin branchQazvin ProvinceIran

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