Improved seizure resistance of ultra-high-strength steel ironed cups with a lubricant containing SiO2 nanoparticles

  • C. J. Tan
  • A. Aslian
  • Y. Abe
  • K. Mori


Good boundary lubrication is necessary during cold stamping of high-strength steel sheets to prevent die wear and seizure of the parts owing to the high contact pressure. This study is aimed to improve the seizure resistance in a 1-step combined process of deep drawing and ironing of ultra-high-strength steel cylindrical cups using a commercial lubricant containing SiO2 nanoparticles with an uncoated die. In this study, the extreme pressure performance of the lubricant containing 0.0, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0 and 2.5 wt% of SiO2 was first evaluated using a deep drawing process under increased blank holding forces. The optimum concentration of SiO2 was determined, i.e. 2 wt%, based on successful drawing of cups having smooth surfaces under the highest holding force. Then, the ironing limits of the cups for the lubricants containing 0 and 2 wt% of SiO2 respectively were investigated with the 1-step combined process under increased ironing ratios. The experimental results showed that seizure was observed for the lubricant containing no nanoparticles at an ironing ratio of −16.7 %. However, no seizures were observed for ironing ratios up to 4.2 % using the lubricant containing 2 wt% of SiO2. The resistance to seizure of the cup was significantly increased, leading to the formation of cylindrical cups having smooth surfaces and uniform side wall thickness.


Ironing Seizure Nanoparticles Tribology Ultra-high-strength steel 


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© Springer-Verlag London 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia
  2. 2.Centre of Advanced Manufacturing and Material Processing (AMMP Centre), Level 8, Engineering Tower, Faculty of EngineeringUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical EngineeringToyohashi University of TechnologyToyohashiJapan

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