Machine grinding as an alternative method for creating functional surfaces for controlling cell behaviour

  • Michael Irving
  • Mark F. MurphyEmail author
  • Mike N. Morgan
  • Francis Lilley
  • Paul French
  • David R. Burton
  • Peter Moran
Open Access


There is extensive evidence to show that certain cellular behaviours including cell proliferation, migration and adhesion can be controlled by culturing cells on surfaces containing different micro-metre- and nanometre-scale features. This paper will introduce the use of machine grinding to generate surfaces with micro-sized features and their ability to affect cell behaviour. Results are presented which show that polyurethane castings of the ground surfaces can promote cell adhesion and migration. This study demonstrates the usefulness of surface grinding as a cost-effective method for generating functional surfaces for modifying cell behaviour.


Grinding Micro-topography Fibroblast cells Cell adhesion Cell migration 


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© The Author(s) 2016

Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Irving
    • 1
  • Mark F. Murphy
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mike N. Morgan
    • 1
  • Francis Lilley
    • 1
  • Paul French
    • 1
  • David R. Burton
    • 1
  • Peter Moran
    • 1
  1. 1.General Engineering Research InstituteLiverpool John Moores UniversityLiverpoolUK

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