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An experimental study of process variables in turning operations of Ti–6Al–4V and Cr–Co spherical prostheses

  • J. V. Abellán-Nebot
  • H. R. SillerEmail author
  • C. Vila
  • C. A. Rodríguez
ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Abstract

Ti–6Al–4V and Cr–Co alloys are extensively used in manufacturing prostheses due to their biocompatibility, high strength-to-weight ratio and high resistance to corrosion and wear. However, machining operations involving Ti–6Al–4V and Cr–Co alloys face a series of difficulties related to their low machinability which complicate the process of controlling the quality levels required in these parts. The main objective of this paper is to study the influence of cutting parameters, machine tool control accuracy and metrology procedures on surface roughness parameters and form errors in contouring operations of Ti–6Al–4V and Cr–Co workpieces. The machining performance of the two biocompatible materials is compared, focusing the study on part quality at low feed per revolution and the stochastic nature of plastic deformations at this regime. The results showed a better surface roughness control for Ti–6Al–4V, whereas for Cr–Co alloys, the performance presents high variability. In the case of form errors (sphericity), contouring errors and metrology procedures are important factors to be considered for quality assurance. In addition, the study analyses the correlation of the machining performance with different sensor signals acquired from a low cost non-intrusive multi-sensor, showing a high correlation of signals from acoustic emission sensors and accelerometers in the machining of spherical features on Ti–6Al–4V parts. The findings of this research work can be taken into account when designing prostheses components and planning their manufacturing processes.

Keywords

Ti–6Al–4V alloys Cr–Co alloys Prostheses Turning Process parameters 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. V. Abellán-Nebot
    • 1
  • H. R. Siller
    • 2
    Email author
  • C. Vila
    • 1
  • C. A. Rodríguez
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Industrial Systems Engineering and DesignUniversitat Jaume ICastellón de la PlanaSpain
  2. 2.Centre for Innovation in Design and Technology, Tecnológico de MonterreyMonterreyMexico

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