A review of the causes of bullwhip effect in a supply chain

  • Ranjan BhattacharyaEmail author
  • Susmita Bandyopadhyay


A review of the past research studies on the causes of bullwhip effect is presented in this paper. This paper is an effective study from the point of view that it presents a detailed classified study of the overall research studies on the effect of both the operational and the behavioral factors on bullwhip effect. A total of 19 causes of bullwhip effect have been shown here. We have identified the various gaps of research in the past research studies. An overview of the steps taken by the industries in order to tackle the bullwhip effect is also provided at the end of this paper. Directions for further research studies are also provided in each subsection of this study and at the end of this paper.


Bullwhip effect Supply chain Operational causes Behavioral causes 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Jadavpur UniversityKolkataIndia
  2. 2.West Bengal University of TechnologyKolkataIndia

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