Analytical prediction of cutting forces in orthogonal cutting using unequal division shear-zone model



This paper presents an analytical method based on the unequal division shear-zone model to study the machining predictive theory. The proposed model only requires workpiece material properties and cutting conditions to predict the cutting forces during the orthogonal cutting process. In the shear zone, the material constitutive relationship is described by Johnson–Cook model, and the material characteristics such as strain rate sensitivity, strain hardening, and thermal softening are considered. The chip formation is supposed to occur mainly by shearing within the primary shear zone. The governing equations of chip flow through the primary shear zone are established by introducing a piecewise power law distribution assumption of the shear strain rate. The cutting forces are calculated for different machining conditions and flow stress data. Prediction results were compared with the orthogonal cutting test data from the available literature and found in reasonable agreement. In addition, an analysis of the deviation from experimental data for the proposed model is performed, the effects of cutting parameters and tool geometry were investigated.


Orthogonal cutting Cutting force Machining simulation Analytical model 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Binglin Li
    • 1
  • Xuelin Wang
    • 1
  • Yujin Hu
    • 1
  • Chenggang Li
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical Design, School of Mechanical Science and EngineeringHuazhong University of Science and TechnologyWuhanChina

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