Optimization of roll forming process parameters—a semi-empirical approach

  • John Paralikas
  • Konstantinos Salonitis
  • George Chryssolouris


The roll forming process parameters play a major role in the quality of the final roll-formed product. Optimum configuration without any cost increase in the roll forming line could present accurate and flawless products. In this paper, a roll forming process experimental modelling of a symmetrical U-section profile from advanced high strength steel (AHSS) material (type DP600) is presented. The factors selected for this study are the roll forming line velocity, the inter-distance between roll stations, the roll gap, and the diameter of the rolls. An optimization procedure for the roll forming line, via statistical design of the experimental simulation runs, is also presented. The optimum values of process parameters are calculated for minimum elastic longitudinal strains and shear strains, at strip edge, for each roll station. A reduction of 20–35% in elastic longitudinal strains could occur for all roll stations, and 30–50% reduction in shear strains occurs for roll stations with a greater folding angle, as this leads to roll-formed products of a better quality. Finally, the contribution of each factor on the longitudinal and shear strains has been calculated, showing that the inter-distance between the roll stations plays a dominant role in the roll forming process.


Roll forming FEA Modelling Statistical design of experiments Redundant deformations 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Paralikas
    • 1
  • Konstantinos Salonitis
    • 1
  • George Chryssolouris
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory for Manufacturing Systems and Automation, Department of Mechanical Engineering and AeronauticsUniversity of PatrasPatrasGreece

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