Parametric analysis and optimization of Nd:YAG laser micro-grooving of aluminum titanate (Al2TiO5) ceramics
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Pulsed Nd:YAG Laser offers an excellent role for various micro-machining operations of a wide range of engineering materials such as ceramics, composites, diamond etc. The micro-machining of ceramics are highly demanded in the present industry because of its wide and potential uses in various field such as automobile, electronic, aero-space, and bio-medical engineering applications etc. Aluminum titanate (Al2TiO5) has tremendous application in automobile and aero engine industry due to its excellent thermal property. The present research paper deals with the response surface methodology based mathematical modeling and analysis on machining characteristics of pulsed Nd:YAG laser during micro-grooving operation on a work piece of aluminum titanate. In this present study, lamp current, pulse frequency, pulse width, assist air pressure and cutting speed of laser beam are considered as machining process parameters during pulsed Nd:YAG laser micro-grooving operation. The response criteria selected for analysis are deviation of taper and deviation of depth characteristics of micro-groove produced on a work piece made of aluminum titanate (Al2TiO5). The analysis of variance test has also been carried out to check the adequacy of the developed regression mathematical models. The optimal process parameter settings are assist air pressure of 1.3 kgf/cm2, lamp current of 20.44 amp, pulse frequency of 1.0 kHz, pulse width of 10% of duty cycle, and cutting speed of 10 mm/s for achieving the predicted minimum deviation of taper and deviation of depth of laser micro-groove. From the analysis, it is evident that the deviation of taper angle and deviation of depth of the micro-groove can be reduced by a great extent by proper control of laser machining process parameters during micro-grooving on aluminum titanate (Al2TiO5).
KeywordsAluminum titanate (Al2TiO5) Micro-grooving Pulsed Nd:YAG laser
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