A solution to the stacking sequence of a composite laminate plate with constant thickness using simulated annealing algorithms
Due to its high reliability, composite material is commonly used in industry. Moreover, the stacking sequence is very crucial to the strength of the composite material. However, the arrangement of this sequence is very time-consuming. Actually, since stacking sequences are usually NP complete, simulated annealing (SA) algorithms were borrowed to deal with the stacking sequence problems in this study. The edging stress of a composite plate with constant thickness, which was obtained using an analytical method, was used as the objective function in the SA algorithms. Three examples of constant thickness and symmetrical composite laminate plates were used to examine the performance of the proposed algorithms. The results of computational tests presented are very promising.
KeywordsComposite material Simulated annealing Stacking sequence
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Pipes RB, Pagano NJ (1970) Interlaminar stresses in composite laminates under uniform axial extension. J Compos Mater 4:538–548Google Scholar
- 2.Pagano NJ, Pipes RB (1971) The influence of stacking sequence on laminate strength. J Compos Mater 5:50–57Google Scholar
- 3.Wang ASD, Crossman FW (1977) Some new results on the edge effect in symmetric composite materials. J Compos Mater 11:92–106Google Scholar
- 4.Kassapoglou C, Lagace PA (1986) An efficient method for the calculation of interlaminar stresses in composite materials. J Appl Mech 53:744–760Google Scholar
- 7.Rybicki EF (1971) Approximation of three-dimensional solutions for symmetric laminates under in-plane loading. J Compos Mater 5:354–361Google Scholar
- 9.Kirpatrick S, Gelatt CD, Veochi MP (1983) Optimization by simulated annealing. Science 220(4598):671–680Google Scholar
- 10.Lin S (1965) Computer solution of the traveling salesman problem. Bell Syst Tech J 44:2245–2269Google Scholar