The Annals of Regional Science

, Volume 50, Issue 2, pp 645–666 | Cite as

Does immigration induce “native flight” from public schools?

Evidence from a large-scale voucher program
  • Christer GerdesEmail author
Original Paper


For more than a century, parents in Denmark could enroll their children into privately operated “free schools.” Results from this study indicate an increase in native Danes’ propensity to enroll their children in free schools as the share of children with immigrant background becomes larger in their municipality of residence. The effect is most pronounced in small, and medium-sized municipalities, while it seems absent in larger municipalities. The study explores changes in the immigrant population in Danish municipalities 1992–2004, a period marked by a substantial influx of refugees, where a state-sponsored placement policy restricted their initial choice of residence.

JEL Classification

H7 I28 J15 J78 R5 



For comments on earlier drafts, I wish to thank two anonymous referees, seminar participants at SOFI, and participants at the Workshop on “Immigration, integration and school achievement” at Aarhus University. Financial support from the Swedish Research Council (VR) is gratefully acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Swedish Institute for Social ResearchStockholm University, IZA and SULCISStockholmSweden

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