Measuring concentration: Lorenz curves and their decompositions
- 194 Downloads
This paper first reveals the basic properties behind the relative concentration measurement when using employment Lorenz curves. This involves axioms adapted not only from the literature on income distribution, but also from that on occupational segregation. Second, additive decompositions of this curve by subsectors and by groups of locations are proposed, since, as far as we know, no decompositions of these curves have yet been suggested in the field. Finally, this approach is used to analyze the concentration of the Spanish manufacturing industry. In particular, we study whether the technological intensity of an industry affects the extent of its relative concentration level.
JEL ClassificationR12 D63
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Alonso-Villar O, Del Río C (2007) An alternative proposal for measuring occupational segregation. ECINEQ Working Paper 2007-82Google Scholar
- Audretsch DB, Feldman MP (1996) R&D spillovers and the geography of innovation and production. Am Econ Rev 86(3): 630–640Google Scholar
- Baptista R, Mendonça J (2009) Proximity to knowledge sources and the location of knowledge-based start-ups. Ann Reg Sci (forthcoming)Google Scholar
- Brakman S, Garretsen H, Gorter J, van der Horst A, Schramm M (2005) New economic geography, empirics, and regional policy. CPB (Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis) Special Publication 56Google Scholar
- Cutrini E (2009) Specialization and concentration from a twofold geographical perspective: evidence from Europe. Reg Stud (forthcoming)Google Scholar
- Foster JE (1985) Inequality measurement. In: Peyton Young H (ed) Fair allocation. Proceedings of Simposia in Applied Mathematics, vol 33. American Mathematical Society, Providence, pp 31–68Google Scholar
- García Muñiz AS, Morillas Raya A, Ramos Carvajal C (2009) Spanish and European innovation diffusion: a structural hole approach in the input–output field. Ann Reg Sci (forthcoming)Google Scholar
- Hardy GH, Littlewood JE, Pólya G (1934) Inequalities. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
- Krugman P (1991) Geography and trade. MIT Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
- Pérez-Ximénez D, Sanz-Gracia F (2007) Geographical concentration of service activities across U.S: states and counties, 1969–2000. Paper presented at the XVII International RESER (European Research Network on Services and Space) Conference in Tempere (Finland)Google Scholar
- Rosenthal SS, Strange WC (2004) Evidence on the nature and sources of agglomeration economies. In: Henderson JV, Thisse JF (eds) Handbook of regional and urban economics, vol 4. Elsevier North-Holland, Amsterdam, pp 2119–2171Google Scholar