Lesions of the scapholunate ligaments in acute wrist trauma – arthroscopic diagnosis and minimally invasive treatment
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The final result of the treatment of distal intra-articular radius fractures depends both on the accuracy of the fracture reduction and on the presence of additional carpal injuries. In particular, lesions of the intrinsic ligaments usually lead to severe degenerative damage of the wrist joint if they are missed primarily. With the introduction of wrist arthroscopy, these tears can be evaluated and treated earlier. Since 1993 arthroscopically assisted treatment has been performed in 23 patients with distal intra-articular fractures of the radius (mainly C-fractures according to the AO classification system or group VII and VIII fractures according to Frykman). Scapholunate (SL) tears were found in 11 patients (47.8%), 7 of whom showed marked instability intraoperatively and were stabilised at the time of surgery.
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