Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy

, Volume 27, Issue 12, pp 3827–3834 | Cite as

Acromioclavicular joint reconstruction: an additional acromioclavicular cerclage does not improve horizontal stability in double coraco-clavicular tunnel technique

  • Jan Theopold
  • Tobias Schöbel
  • Jean-Pierre Fischer
  • Sabine Löffler
  • Georg Osterhoff
  • Stefan Schleifenbaum
  • Pierre HeppEmail author



Horizontal instability—especially in the posterior plane—is a common problem after acromioclavicular joint injuries. The purpose was to compare the stability of a single coraco-clavicular tunnel technique and a double coraco-clavicular tunnel technique for coraco-clavicular ligament reconstruction and to examine the influence of an additional acromioclavicular cerclage on the horizontal stability in the acromioclavicular joint.


21 acromioclavicular joints of human cadaveric shoulders were randomly assigned to the following groups: single coraco-clavicular tunnel technique with horizontal augmented acromioclavicular cerclage (SCT + AC); double coraco-clavicular tunnel technique (DCT); double coraco-clavicular tunnel technique and acromioclavicular cerclage (DCT + AC). The specimens underwent cyclic horizontal testing and were recorded using a 3D optical measuring system.


The displacement and the increase in displacement in relation to the displacement after precondition for SCT + AC were significantly higher after every measured amount of cycles than for DCT (p10 = 0.0023; p5000 = 0.0012) and DCT + AC (p10 = 0.0006; p5000 = 0.0012). There was no significant difference in the total displacement, or in the increase in total displacement between double coraco-clavicular tunnel reconstructed groups with and without additional acromioclavicular cerclage.


Double coraco-clavicular tunnel technique with and without additional acromioclavicular cerclage results in a significant higher stability regarding the horizontal plane in comparison to single coraco-clavicular tunnel technique with acromioclavicular cerclage. Based on the results of this biomechanical in vitro study, the use of an additional acromioclavicular cerclage with single coraco-clavicular tunnel technique may not be indicated in most cases. The effect of an additional acromioclavicular cerclage seems to be negligible, at least in presence of a double-coraco-clavicular tunnel technique reconstruction. Techniques of AC joint reconstruction should focus on the use of double coraco-clavicular tunnel devices.


Acromioclavicular joint/injuries/surgery Arthroscopy/methods Cadaver Joint instability/surgery Ligaments Articular/surgery Humans Joint dislocation 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


We acknowledge support from the “Deutsche Arthrose Hilfe e.V.”.

Ethical approval

Institutional approval for the use of the post-mortem tissues of 126 the donors was obtained. For this reason there is no specific number from the ethics committee.


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Copyright information

© European Society of Sports Traumatology, Knee Surgery, Arthroscopy (ESSKA) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Arthroscopy, Joint Surgery and Sport Injuries, Department of Orthopedic, Trauma and Plastic SurgeryUniversity of LeipzigLeipzigGermany
  2. 2.Zentrum Zur Erforschung Der Stütz- und BewegungsorganeZESBOLeipzigGermany
  3. 3.Institute of AnatomyUniversity of LeipzigLeipzigGermany

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