The supraspinatus occupation ratios of both the ≥ 50% articular- and bursal-side partial-thickness rotator cuff tears were low and the infraspinatus occupation ratio of the ≥ 50% bursal-side partial-thickness rotator cuff tears was low

  • Jae-Sung Yoo
  • Kang Heo
  • Seung-Gwan Park
  • Hee-Jung Ham
  • Joong-Bae SeoEmail author



The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between the occupation ratio and partial-thickness rotator cuff tears.


The study included and retrospectively investigated 683 patients with partial-thickness rotator cuff tears between 2013 and 2017. Fifty patients with impingement syndrome were also enrolled as the control group for normal-population comparison. The participants were divided into five groups: Group A, control group; Group B, < 50% articular-side tears; Group C, ≥ 50% articular-side tears; Group D, < 50% bursal-side tears; and Group E, ≥ 50% bursal-side tears. Muscle volume was evaluated by measurement of each occupation ratio of the supraspinatus and infraspinatus tendons on the most lateral view of the T1-weighted oblique-sagittal images in which the scapular spine remained in contact with the scapular body.


Fifty patients were enrolled in Group A. A total of 683 patients with Partial thickness rotator cuff tear were divided and classified into the following groups: 272 into Group B, 153 into Group C, 161 into Group D, and 97 into Group E. The supraspinatus occupation ratios of all partial-thickness rotator cuff tear groups were significantly lower than those of the control group. Furthermore, the supraspinatus occupation ratios of Groups C and E (≥ 50% partial-thickness rotator cuff tears) were significantly lower than those of Groups B and D (< 50% partial-thickness rotator cuff tears). However, the infraspinatus occupation ratio of only Group E was significantly lower than that of the other groups.


The supraspinatus occupation ratios of both the ≥ 50% articular- and bursal-side partial-thickness rotator cuff tears were lower than those of the other partial-thickness rotator cuff tears. Conversely, the infraspinatus occupation ratio of only the ≥ 50% bursal-side partial-thickness rotator cuff tears was low.

Level of evidence



Rotator cuff Magnetic resonance imaging Rotator cuff tear Occupation ratio Muscle volume Muscle hypotrophy 



No external funding was used.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standard of the institutional research committee with the 1964 Helsinki declaration.


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Copyright information

© European Society of Sports Traumatology, Knee Surgery, Arthroscopy (ESSKA) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryDankook University College of MedicineCheonanRepublic of Korea

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