Underhang of the tibial component increases tibial bone resorption after total knee arthroplasty
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One of the causes of aseptic loosening is marked tibial bone resorption (TR) at the tibial bone–component interface after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). It was hypothesized that insufficient coverage of the tibial component and improper cementing technique would cause increased TR after cemented TKA.
One hundred thirty-four primary TKAs in 107 patients with varus osteoarthritis were included in this study. The relationships between the TRs at 2 years after TKA and the tibial component underhang (TUH), the thickness of the cement mantle around the keel, and clinical parameters were evaluated.
The widths of TRs on anteroposterior radiographs were significantly larger on the medial side than on the lateral side (p = 0.001), whereas the difference between the anterior and posterior sides on lateral radiographs was relatively small. Multiple regression analyses showed that medial TR was positively related to medial TUH (p = 0.006), and lateral TR was positively related to a thicker distal cement mantle (p = 0.027). On the lateral view, stepwise selection indicated that postoperative knee flexion angle was the most significant risk factor (p = 0.005) for anterior TR, and posterior TUH was the strongest predictor (p = 0.001) of posterior TR.
To avert postoperative progressive TR, surgeons should perfectly fit a suitably sized tibial component to the medial edge of the tibia. Also, care should be taken to avoid an excessive cement mantle at the distal portion of the keel during TKA.
Level of evidence
KeywordsCemented Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) Tibial bone resorption Aseptic loosening Tibial component underhang Thicker cement mantle
There was no funding for this study.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare no conflicts of interest in association with the present study.
All procedures were in accordance with the ethical standards of our institutional research committee.
Informed consent was obtained from all study participants.
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