Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy

, Volume 26, Issue 12, pp 3601–3605 | Cite as

Three-dimensional printing improves osteochondral allograft placement in complex cases

  • Kelechi R. Okoroha
  • Timothy J. Evans
  • Jeffrey P. Stephens
  • Eric C. Makhni
  • Vasilios Moutzouros


The use of three-dimensional (3D) printing has seen a vast expansion over recent years, with an increased application for its use in orthopaedics. This report details the use of 3D printing technology to aid in the treatment of a medial femoral condyle osteochondral defect in a 26-year-old female who had previously undergone a failed autograft procedure. A preoperative computed tomography scan of the knee and chondral defect was used to generate a 3D printed, one-to-one scale replica of the distal femur. This replica was then used to size a patient-specific allograft plug for the osteochondral transplantation procedure. The patient recovered well, and 1 year postoperatively the allograft was well incorporated into the medial femoral condyle and healed. This report illustrates the advantages of using a 3D printed model to allow for tactile feedback and improved visualization that will allow for improved understanding of complex surgical procedures.

Level of evidence V.


3D printing Osteochondral allograft transplantation Osteochondritis dissecans Preoperative planning 




Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

No authors have any financial disclosures.

Ethical approval

The local institutional review board approved this study (IRB: Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, MI).

Informed consent

A signed formed consent was obtained from the patient allowing publication of this case report.


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Copyright information

© European Society of Sports Traumatology, Knee Surgery, Arthroscopy (ESSKA) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kelechi R. Okoroha
    • 1
  • Timothy J. Evans
    • 1
  • Jeffrey P. Stephens
    • 2
  • Eric C. Makhni
    • 3
  • Vasilios Moutzouros
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Henry Ford Health SystemHenry Ford HospitalDetroitUSA
  2. 2.School of MedicineWayne State UniversityDetroitUSA
  3. 3.Division of Sports Medicine, Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryHenry Ford HospitalDetroitUSA

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