Anatomy of the ankle ligaments: a pictorial essay

  • Pau GolanóEmail author
  • Jordi Vega
  • Peter A. J. de Leeuw
  • Francesc Malagelada
  • M. Cristina Manzanares
  • Víctor Götzens
  • C. Niek van Dijk


Understanding the anatomy of the ankle ligaments is important for correct diagnosis and treatment. Ankle ligament injury is the most frequent cause of acute ankle pain. Chronic ankle pain often finds its cause in laxity of one of the ankle ligaments. In this pictorial essay, the ligaments around the ankle are grouped, depending on their anatomic orientation, and each of the ankle ligaments is discussed in detail.


Ankle anatomy Lateral collateral ligament Medial collateral ligament Ankle impingement Ankle sprain 



No benefits in any form have been received or will be received from a commercial party related directly or indirectly to the subject of this review. No sources of funding were received to assist in this review. The authors have no conflicts of interest that are directly relevant to this review.


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Copyright information

© European Society of Sports Traumatology, Knee Surgery, Arthroscopy (ESSKA) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pau Golanó
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jordi Vega
    • 3
  • Peter A. J. de Leeuw
    • 4
  • Francesc Malagelada
    • 5
  • M. Cristina Manzanares
    • 2
  • Víctor Götzens
    • 2
  • C. Niek van Dijk
    • 4
  1. 1.Laboratory of Arthroscopic and Surgical Anatomy, Department of Pathology and Experimental Therapeutics (Human Anatomy Unit)University of BarcelonaL’Hospitalet de Llobregat, BarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.Department of Pathology and Experimental Therapeutics (Human Anatomy Unit)University of BarcelonaL’Hospitalet de Llobregat, BarcelonaSpain
  3. 3.Department of Orthopedic and Trauma SurgeryHospital Asepeyo San CugatSan Cugat del Vallès, BarcelonaSpain
  4. 4.Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Academic Medical CenterUniversity of AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  5. 5.Department of Orthopedic and Trauma SurgeryHospital de MataróMataró, BarcelonaSpain

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