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Prediction of semitendinosus–gracilis graft diameter in children and adolescents using anthropometric measures

  • Rafael Calvo R
  • Maximiliano Espinosa IEmail author
  • David Figueroa P
  • Rafael Calvo M
Knee

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the anthropometric and demographic measures of patients under 18 years can be used to predict the diameter of STG autograft in ACL reconstruction surgery.

Methods

Retrospective series of 169 patients under 18 years (112 men, 57 women, average age 15.8 years) underwent ACL reconstruction surgery with STG autograft. We recorded anthropometric measures (weight, height and BMI), demographics (age and gender) and autograft diameter used. Correlation coefficients, linear regression and unpaired t test were used to determine the relationship between anthropometric/demographic variables and the diameter of the graft. p values <0.05 were considered statistically significant.

Results

Correlation analysis showed a significant positive relation between height and graft diameter (r = 0.483, p < 0.0001) as well as between weight and graft diameter (r = 0.248, p = 0.001). However, age and BMI did not correlate with graft thickness (r = 0.098 and p = 0.203, r = 0.009 and p = 0.905, respectively). The mean graft diameter in men was 8.2 (range 6–10) and 7.5 in women (range 6–9), a difference that was statistically significant (p < 0.001).

Conclusions

Prediction of the STG graft diameter according to the height of the patient is an easy and reliable method in children and adolescents. These data may provide relevant preoperative information about the need of an alternative graft source and can be useful when counselling patients.

Level of evidence

IV.

Keywords

Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction Semitendinosus–gracilis autograft Graft diameter prediction Anthropometric measures Children Adolescents 

Notes

Disclosure of funding

No funding was received in order to perform the present study.

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Copyright information

© European Society of Sports Traumatology, Knee Surgery, Arthroscopy (ESSKA) 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rafael Calvo R
    • 1
  • Maximiliano Espinosa I
    • 1
    Email author
  • David Figueroa P
    • 1
  • Rafael Calvo M
    • 1
  1. 1.Facultad de MedicinaClínica Alemana-Universidad del DesarrolloSantiagoChile

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