Different patterns of lateral meniscus root tears in ACL injuries: application of a differentiated classification system
Posterior lateral meniscus root tears (PLMRTs) affect the intra-articular pressure distribution in the lateral compartment of the knee. The biomechanical consequences of these injuries are significantly influenced by the integrity of the meniscofemoral ligaments (MFLs). A newly introduced arthroscopic classification system for PLMRTs that takes MFL integrity into account has not yet been clinically applied but may be useful in selecting the optimal method of PLMRT repair.
Prospective ACL reconstruction data were collected. Concomitant injuries of the lateral meniscus posterior horn were classified according to their shape and MFL status. The classifications were: type 1, avulsion of the root; type 2, radial tear of the lateral meniscus posterior horn close to the root with an intact MFL; and type 3, complete detachment of the posterior meniscus horn.
Between January 2011 and May 2012, 228 consecutive ACL reconstructions were included. Lateral and medial meniscus tears were identified in 38.2 % (n = 87) and 44.7 % (n = 102), respectively. Of the 87 lateral meniscus tears, 32 cases had PLMRTs; the overall prevalence of PLMRTs was 14 % (n = 32). Two medial meniscus root tears were detected. All PLMRTs were classified according to the classification system described above, and the fixation procedure was adapted to the type of meniscus tear.
The PLMRT tear is a common injury among patients undergoing ACL repair and can be arthroscopically classified into three different types. Medial meniscus root tears are rare in association with ACL tears. The PLMRT classification presented here may help to estimate the injury’s impact on the lateral compartment and to identify the optimal treatment. These tears should not be overlooked, and the treatment strategy should be chosen with respect to the type of root tear.
Level of evidence
KeywordsMeniscus root tear ACL tear Meniscofemoral ligaments Lateral meniscus classification Lateral quartet
- 10.Forkel P, Herbort M, Sprenker F, Metzlaff S, Raschke M, Petersen W (2014) The biomechanical effect of a lateral meniscus posterior root tear with and without damage to the meniscofemoral ligament: efficacy of different repair techniques. Arthroscopy. doi: 10.1016/j.arthro.2014.02.040 PubMedGoogle Scholar
- 12.Forkel P, Petersen W (2014) Knee ligment injuries. In: H-J Oestern, et al (eds), Bone and joint injuries, European Manual of Medicine. doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-38388-5_24
- 21.Petersen W, Forkel P, Achtnich A, Metzlaff S, Zantop T (2012) Injuries of the anterior cruciate ligament: from prevention to therapy. Orthopädische und Unfallchirurgische Praxis 6 (1)Google Scholar