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Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy

, Volume 23, Issue 11, pp 3414–3420 | Cite as

A psychological injury prevention group intervention in Swedish floorball

  • Ulrika TranaeusEmail author
  • Urban Johnson
  • Björn Engström
  • Eva Skillgate
  • Suzanne Werner
Sports Medicine

Abstract

Purpose

The main purpose of the study was to evaluate a psychological skills training intervention at group level aiming to prevent injuries, separated in traumatic and overuse, in male and female elite floorball players.

Methods

Twenty-three teams in the premiere leagues for males and females were volunteered, and the teams were allocated to an intervention group (n = 11, males n = 94, females n = 99) and a control group (n = 12, males n = 109, females n = 99). The teams in the intervention group participated in a psychological skills training programme consisting of six meetings with each team. The control group received no substitute. All injuries were registered and documented according to the time-loss definition and classified into either traumatic or overuse.

Results

In total, 142 players (35 %) out of the 401 players sustained 197 injuries, 0.49 injury/player: in the intervention group 0.45 injury/player and in the control group 0.53 injury/player. The analyses revealed no significant differences in injuries between intervention groups and control groups. The effect size of the influence of the psychological skills training in overuse injuries was considered to be small, Cohen’s d 0.2.

Conclusions

This study comprised the whole team for a group intervention and did not screen for at-risk athletes, e.g. scoring high in anxiety or low in coping skills, which might have influenced the result. A psychological injury prevention intervention forward to a whole team might not influence the injury occurrence significantly. Thus, this psychological intervention decreased the injury incidence which is of clinical interest.

Level of incidence

Level II.

Keywords

Athletic injury Behaviour Psycho-education Sport Team 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Grants: Swedish National Centre for research in Sports, Swedish Naprapathic Association, Swedish Sports Confederation, Sophiahemmet Foundation. Thanks to Swedish Floorball Federation and all the participating coaches, players, and the medical staff.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ulrika Tranaeus
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Urban Johnson
    • 1
  • Björn Engström
    • 2
    • 3
  • Eva Skillgate
    • 4
    • 5
  • Suzanne Werner
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Center of Research on Welfare, Health and SportHalmstad UniversityHalmstadSweden
  2. 2.Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Stockholm Sports Trauma Research CenterKarolinska InstitutetStockholmSweden
  3. 3.Capio Artro ClinicSophiahemmetStockholmSweden
  4. 4.Institute of Environmental MedicineKarolinska InstitutetStockholmSweden
  5. 5.Scandinavian College of Naprapathic Manual MedicineStockholmSweden

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